Tag Archives: Rompiendo el Silencio

Update: Nicole Saavedra’s family still fighting for justice four years after the young lesbian’s death

Nicole Saavedra 2

In 2016 Nicole Saavedra Bahamondes went missing for a week. She appeared on June 25, but not as her family expected. She was found dead, with her hands tied and showing signs of torture, in a rough part of the Limache commune in the Valparaíso Region. Since then, her family has relentlessly fought for justice in a case that exposed not only the lesbophobia that exists in our country, but also the negligence of the judicial system in cases of sex based violence.

Three years and three months after the murder, and after having four prosecutors investigate, a suspect was finally identified and remanded in custody, something that would not have been achieved without pressure from the family and lesbian-feminist organizations who never stopped demanding justice. María Bahamondes and other women even stormed the Quillota Prosecutor’s Office in 2019, for which they are under investigation to this day.

The family’s lawyer, Silvana del Valle , described as “very hard” everything that has happened in this case, especially in matters of justice, because in confronting Nicole’s alleged femicide, it was evident that the judicial system was able to prevent this crime , since the man had already been reported for other sexual crimes.

The lawyer commented that this situation reveals that if crimes against women and girls were really considered important by the the system, the crime against Nicole Saavedra and the kidnapping with rape that Pulgar committed in December 2016 would not have occurred. Unfortunately, injustice not only affects the families of the victims when there is no timely action, it also enables more crimes against women and girls to be committed. In this sense, unfortunately, the justice system that does not believe us (the first victim of Víctor Pulgar was not believed) is also complicit in the additional crimes that are committed against us.”

A crime in a red zone
The Nicole Saavedra case not only revealed the unjust and, often, wrong of the judicial and police system when it comes to clearing up femicides, but also along with other cases it shows the danger of the Valparaíso region for lesbian women.

In June 2019, the British media BBC published a report in which they described this place as a red zone, in which it alluded to the so-called “trucks” and exposed the cases of Nicole Saavedra, María Pía Castro and Susana Sanhueza, all lesbians found dead in the region.(Translated)

En 2016, Nicole Saavedra Bahamondes desapareció por una semana. Apareció el 25 de junio, pero no como su familia la esperaba. Estaba muerta, con las manos atadas y con signos de tortura en un sitio eriazo de la comuna de Limache en la Región de Valparaíso. De ahí en adelante, sin descanso, su familia ha luchado por justicia en un caso que dejó en evidencia no solo la lesbofobia que existe en nuestro país, sino también la negligencia del sistema judicial en los casos de violencia de género.

Tres años y tres meses después del homicidio, y después de haber tenido cuatro fiscales investigando, se llegó a un sospechoso, después vino la prisión preventiva, algo que no se hubiera logrado sin la presión de la familia y las organizaciones lesbofeministas, quienes nunca dejaron de exigir la justicia. Incluso, María Bahamondes y otras mujeres se tomaron la Fiscalía de Quillota en 2019, hecho por el que hoy están siendo investigadas.

La abogada de la familia, Silvana del Valle, calificó como “muy fuerte” todo lo que ha sucedido en este caso, especialmente en materia de justicia, pues al encontrarse al presunto femicida de Nicole quedó en evidencia que el sistema judicial pudo evitar este crimen, dado que el hombre ya había sido denunciado por otro abuso sexual.

La abogada comentó que esta situación revela que si para el sistema este y en otros crímenes contra mujeres y niñas fuesen realmente considerados importantes, el crimen de Nicole Saavedra y el secuestro con violación que cometió Pulgar en diciembre de 2016 no habrían ocurrido. “Lamentablemente la justicia no solo incide en dañar a las familias de las víctimas cuando no encuentran una oportuna acción, también incide en la comisión de crímenes contra mujeres y niñas. En ese sentido, para nosotras, lamentablemente, el sistema de justicia que no nos cree, como no se le creyó a la primera víctima de Víctor Pulgar, es cómplice también de los crímenes que se cometen en contra nuestra”.

Un crimen en una zona roja
El caso de Nicole Saavedra no solo reveló lo injusto y, muchas veces, errado del sistema judicial y policial a la hora aclarar femicidios, sino también junto a otros casos evidencia la peligrosidad de la región de Valparaíso para mujeres lesbianas.

En junio de 2019, el medio británico BBC publicó un reportaje en el que calificó de zona roja este lugar, en el que hizo alusión a las denominadas “camionas” y expuso los casos de Nicole Saavedra, María Pía Castro y Susana Sanhueza, todas lesbianas encontradas muertas en la región.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://radio.uchile.cl/2020/06/24/la-lucha-no-termina-familia-de-nicole-saavedra-continua-exigiendo-justicia-a-cuatro-anos-de-su-muerte/ (Source)

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Lesbians in Chile – excerpts from the annual Movilh report

Chile

March 2020 – The annual Movil report showed a 58% increase in allegations and abuses, with the following specific details reported for Chilean lesbians:

  • Abuses reported by lesbians rose 34%
  • 1.54% of the population (221,796 people) are gay or lesbian, 75,000 more people than in 2015.
  • “Rompiendo El Silencio” survey – discrimination has been experienced by the majority of women, such that
    • 75.4% suffered harassment on the street because of their sexual orientation
    • 40.3% of the total who received sexual health advice were forced
    • 68% did not have a pap smear for fear of discrimination.
  • Police abuse and arbitrary detentions rose from one reported case in 2017 to 16 cases, 38% of which involved lesbians.
  • Workplace discrimination allegations fell by  26% compared to the previous year, registering a total of 28 abuses. 36% of the cases affected lesbians.
  • Community discrimination remained unchanged. 47% of which affected lesbians.
    (Translated)
  • Las denuncias o atropellos contra lesbianas subieron un 34%
  • El 1,54% de la población (221.796 personas) se declara gay o lesbiana, lo que equivale a 75 mil personas más que en 2015.
    (Original)
  • La discriminación ha sido vivida por la mayoría de las mujeres, a un punto que el 75.4% sufrió acosos en la calle en razón de su orientación sexual, mientras el 40,3% del total que recibió consejos en salud sexual fue obligada a dar ese paso. Además, en el campo de la salud, el 68% no atreve a practicar un Papanicolaou por temor a sufrir algún tipo de discriminación.
  • Los atropellos policiales contra personas en razón de su orientación sexual o identidad de género, aumentaron de manera explosiva, pasando de un abuso en 2017 a 16 en 2018, un 1.500% más. De los 16 abusos, 15 fueron propinados por Carabineros y uno por la policía civil.
    El 38% de los casos afectó a lesbianasDiscriminación laboral – las denuncias o casos por discriminación laboral bajaron un 26% en relación al año previo, registrándose un total de 28 abusos. El 36% de los casos afectó a lesbianas.
  • Discriminación comunitaria – Los abusos homo/transfóbicos propinados por familiares, conocidos o vecinos de personas LGBTI, mantuvieron la cifra del año precedente. El 47 % de los atropellos afectó a lesbianas.

Full report: http://www.movilh.cl/documentacion/Informe-DDHH-Movilh-2019.pdf

Overall report summary:

2019 was the most violent year for lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transsexuals and intersex people (LGBTI) in Chile with a 58% increase in cases and allegations of homophobia and transphobia, reaching 1103 abuses, the highest number reported to date, as outlined in the XVIII Annual Human Rights Report on Sexual and Gender Diversity, released today by the Movement for Homosexual Integration and Liberation (Movilh) for the first time without a press conference in the wake of the Coronavirus.

“There were more cases, more complaints, and the abuses were more violent and savage, as is made clear by the increases in the most ruthless abuses (murders and beatings). This situation has been noticed since 2018 and is not related to the social outbreak, which only had an impact on an increase in police abuse, “said Movilh spokesman Oscar Rementería.
(Original)

El 2019 fue el año más violento para las personas lesbianas, gays, bisexuales, transexuales e intersexuales (LGBTI) en Chile al incrementar un 58% los casos y denuncias por homofobia y transfobia, ascendiendo a 1103 los atropellos, la cifra más alta conocida hasta la fecha, reportó el XVIII Informe Anual de Derechos Humanos de la Diversidad sexual y de Género, dado a conocer hoy por el Movimiento de Integración y Liberación Homosexual (Movilh) por primera vez sin conferencia de prensa a raíz del Coronavirus.

“Hubo más casos, más denuncias y los abusos fueron más violentos y salvajes, como queda claro con los aumentos de los atropellos más despiadados (asesinatos y las golpizas). Esta situación ya se venía advirtiendo desde el 2018 y no tiene relación con el estallido social, el cual solo impactó en un incremento de los abusos policiales”, sostuvo el vocero del Movilh, Oscar Rementería.
(Translated)

Continue reading at: https://www.movilh.cl/homofobia-y-transfobia-aumentan-un-58-y-suma-mas-de-mil-casos-la-cifra-mas-alta-en-la-historia-de-chile/ (source)

When a lesbian dies: the search for justice for Nicole Saavedra and DJ Anna Cook

DJ Anna Cook Nicole Saavedra

We talk about lesbicide when a lesbian is killed for being so. In our society, loving a woman as a woman is one of the greatest insults to masculinity shown by corrective sexual harassment, rapes that serve as a “warning”, and coexistence with mandatory heterosexuality that repeatedly urges you to stay in the closet. Visibility is the political point that links them: Nicole and Anna were visible lesbians, and they pose the question: did they die because they were lesbians?

Francisca Millán is a lawyer specialising in human rights and gender. Partner of the AML study, which is dedicated exclusively to the defence of women in cases involving gender violence. Her project offers a feminist perspective to realise the right of access to justice. Millán affirms that women are violated in the Chilean legal system. In this scenario, being a lesbian is a direct and very specific affront.

“Lesbianism, from hegemonic masculinity, is a resistance to the social order, because I do not submit to heteropatriarchal logic, I am out of it, and I am not willing to occupy that role,” Millán explains.

Crimes that directly affect lesbians for being lesbian are lesbicide (murder of a lesbian)  and corrective rape (rape of a lesbian in order to “correct her”). They do not exist as such in the Chilean penal code, but, according to Millán, mixing the base crimes with the Zamudio Law, they can be put forward as hate crimes.

“Crimes of this nature express a lot of power, and show that there is an exercise of subjugation with respect to others. That is quite common in the case of lesbians: what more obvious way to subjugate a woman who is a lesbian than to force her to practice oral sex, ”says the lawyer.

Carmina Vásquez is a lawyer. She is part of the Lesbofeminist Network, an articulator of organizations whose purpose is to form support networks for lesbians. Their venture, Chueca Bar, will open soon – a lesbian bar that wants to be a safe space within a very hostile city.

“This has been a tough year. There is the case of Carolina Torres (beaten in Pudahuel), we recently learned about violent girls in the Forest Park. That scares you, it happens at five in the afternoon, and it happens in the places where we meet, ”she explains. For her, there is a social punishment for being a lesbian, coupled with being a woman. “These crimes of lesbo-hate go hand in hand with sexual issues under the premise of the” I am going to teach you “type. We talk about corrective violations, which also target a specific type of lesbian: the truck [butch], who defies heteronormal roles, ”she says.

The first recorded and investigated lesophobia crime is that of Mónica Briones, beaten to death in one of the corners of Plaza Italia in 1984. The case accelerated the formation of the first lesbian feminist collective in Chile, Ayuquelén, which existed for 15 years.

“In the year 84, when they killed Monica, it lead to our broad understanding of what happened to us all, the discrimination we were living. But there is no current reflection on hate crimes as they are understood today, ”says Cecilia Riquelme, one of its founders, who last Saturday October 12 participated in the Day of Lesbian Rebellion, in Valparaíso. (Translated)

We talk about lesbianicide when a lesbian is killed for being a lesbian. In our society, loving a woman, being a woman, is one of the insults that most hurts masculinity. From corrective sexual harassment, to violations that serve as a “warning”, and coexistence with compulsory heterosexuality that, many times, urges you to remain “in the closet”. Hence, visibility is the political tool that links them: Nicole and Anna were “visible” lesbians, and they ask the question: did they die from being lesbians?

Francisca Millán is a lawyer specialized in Human Rights and gender. Member of the AML study, which is exclusively dedicated to defending women in cases involving gender violence. Her project offers a feminist perspective to materialize the right of access to justice. Millán affirms that women are violated in the Chilean legal system. In this setting, being a lesbian is a direct and very specific affront.

“Lesbianism, from hegemonic masculinity, is a revelation to the social order, because I do not submit to heteropatriarchal logics, I am outside of it, and I am not willing to occupy those roles,” explains Millán.

Offenses that would directly affect lesbians by virtue of being so would be lesbicide, murder of a lesbian, and corrective rape, rape of a lesbian in order to “correct” her. They do not exist as such in the Chilean penal code, but, according to Millán, by mixing base crimes with the Zamudio Law, hate engines can be relieved.

“Offenses of this nature have a lot of expression of power, and demonstrate that there is this exercise of submission with respect to others. That is something quite common in the case of lesbian women: what more obvious way to subdue a woman who is a lesbian than to force her to perform oral sex, ”says the lawyer.

Carmina Vásquez is a lawyer. She is part of the Lesbian-Feminist Network, an articulator of organizations whose purpose is to form support networks for lesbians. Her venture, Chueca Bar, will open soon, a lesbian bar that wants to be a safe space in a very hostile city.

“This has been a tough year. There is the case of Carolina Torres (beaten in Pudahuel), we recently found out about girls being raped in the Forest Park. That scares you, it happens at five in the afternoon, and it happens in the places where we meet, ”he explains. For her, there is a social punishment for being a lesbian, added to that of being a woman. “These hate-lesbo crimes are coupled with sexual themes under the premise of the I am going to teach you. We are talking about corrective rapes, which are also directed at a specific type of lesbian: the truck, which breaks out of the heteronorm, ”she says.

The first crime of lesbophobia registered and investigated is that of Mónica Briones, beaten to death in one of the corners of Plaza Italia in 1984. The case accelerated the formation of the first lesbian-feminist collective in Chile, Ayuquelén, which worked for 15 years.

“In 1984, when Monica was killed, a broad reflection was generated regarding what was happening to all of us, the discrimination we were experiencing. But there is no specific reflection on hate crimes as they are understood today, ”says Cecilia Riquelme, one of its founders, who participated in the Day of Lesbian Rebellions on Saturday, October 12, in Valparaíso.
(Original)

Excerpts from Romina Reyes’ article.
Continue reading at:  https://www.theclinic.cl/2019/10/16/cuando-muere-una-lesbiana-la-busqueda-de-justicia-para-nicole-saavedra-y-anna-cook/  (Source )

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Chile: The Red Zone: A place where butch lesbians live in fear

chile.png

Three mysterious deaths and dozens of violent attacks on butch lesbians, or camionas, have put lesbians in Chile’s Fifth region on red alert.

“We call the Fifth region Chile’s red zone for lesbians because of María, Nicole and Susana,” says Karen Vergara. “There are many other attacks. Not as brutal or fatal as these but enough to land lesbians – especially camionas – in hospital. “We as lesbians are always on red alert in this town [Quillota]. Day and night, 24 hours a day 365 days a year. We feel under threat. As soon as you step out of your home you are in danger.

Continue reading: https://www.bbc.com/news/stories-48719453 (source)

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Chile: Corrective Rape of lesbians – the silenced attack

Chile

Committed by neighborhood friends or close relatives – parents or siblings in the most sordid cases – who do not accept lesbianism, corrective rape pursues the idea of ​​”amending” the orientation of their victims through sexual assault. Different groups started the fight to make visible and fight a crime that is not yet recognized, but it seems to be more and more present.
(Translated)

Cometido por amigos del barrio o familiares cercanos -padres o hermanos en los casos más sórdidos- que no aceptan el lesbianismo, la violación correctiva persigue la idea de “enmendar” la orientación de sus víctimas mediante la agresión sexual. Distintos colectivos iniciaron la lucha por visibilizar y combatir un delito que aún no es reconocido, pero parece estar cada vez más presente.
(Original)
Continue reading at: https://www.latercera.com/reportajes/noticia/violacion-correctiva-el-ataque-silenciado/551274/ (Source)

Chile: brutal lesbophobic attack

Carolina Torres Urbina

Carolina Torres Urbina (24) and her girlfriend Estefanía lived a very different Valentine’s Day. In the early morning of February 14, they were attacked by three individuals at the intersection of Laguna del Inca and Laguna Sur avenues, in the commune of Pudahuel. Carolina was hospitalised in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Central Post of Santiago, after receiving a beating that left her with a skull fracture and an internal haemorrhage. They were on their way home holding hands after watching a football match when they began to insult Carolina. “Maricona, they shouted at her,” say the young woman’s relatives. According to their testimonies, the attack was associated with the victim’s sexual orientation and gender expression. “My sister dresses masculine, the insults were aimed at that,” says Jennifer Torres.

(Translated)

Un Día de San Valentín muy distinto vivieron Carolina Torres Urbina (24) y su novia Estefanía. En la madrugada del 14 de febrero, fueron agredidas por tres sujetos en la intersección de las avenidas Laguna del Inca y Laguna Sur, comuna de Pudahuel. Carolina quedó internada en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) de la Posta Central de Santiago, tras recibir una golpiza que la dejó con una fractura de cráneo y una hemorragia interna. Iban de regreso a casa tomadas de la mano, después de presenciar un partido de fútbol, cuando comenzaron a insultar a Carolina. “Maricona, le gritaban”, cuentan familiares de la joven. De acuerdo a sus testimonios, el ataque estaba asociado a la orientación sexual y la expresión de género de la víctima. “Mi hermana se viste masculinamente, los insultos iban dirigidos a eso”, detalla Jennifer Torres.

(Original)

 

Continue reading at: https://www.latercera.com/nacional/noticia/la-historia-detras-del-ataque-lesbofobico-carolina-torres/531241/ (Source)

Update: Update: Brothers arrested for lesbophobic hate crime against Carolina Torres

Translation tool used: Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator