Tag Archives: Nicole Saavedra

When a lesbian dies: the search for justice for Nicole Saavedra and DJ Anna Cook

DJ Anna Cook Nicole Saavedra

We talk about lesbicide when a lesbian is killed for being so. In our society, loving a woman as a woman is one of the greatest insults to masculinity shown by corrective sexual harassment, rapes that serve as a “warning”, and coexistence with mandatory heterosexuality that repeatedly urges you to stay in the closet. Visibility is the political point that links them: Nicole and Anna were visible lesbians, and they pose the question: did they die because they were lesbians?

Francisca Millán is a lawyer specialising in human rights and gender. Partner of the AML study, which is dedicated exclusively to the defence of women in cases involving gender violence. Her project offers a feminist perspective to realise the right of access to justice. Millán affirms that women are violated in the Chilean legal system. In this scenario, being a lesbian is a direct and very specific affront.

“Lesbianism, from hegemonic masculinity, is a resistance to the social order, because I do not submit to heteropatriarchal logic, I am out of it, and I am not willing to occupy that role,” Millán explains.

Crimes that directly affect lesbians for being lesbian are lesbicide (murder of a lesbian)  and corrective rape (rape of a lesbian in order to “correct her”). They do not exist as such in the Chilean penal code, but, according to Millán, mixing the base crimes with the Zamudio Law, they can be put forward as hate crimes.

“Crimes of this nature express a lot of power, and show that there is an exercise of subjugation with respect to others. That is quite common in the case of lesbians: what more obvious way to subjugate a woman who is a lesbian than to force her to practice oral sex, ”says the lawyer.

Carmina Vásquez is a lawyer. She is part of the Lesbofeminist Network, an articulator of organizations whose purpose is to form support networks for lesbians. Their venture, Chueca Bar, will open soon – a lesbian bar that wants to be a safe space within a very hostile city.

“This has been a tough year. There is the case of Carolina Torres (beaten in Pudahuel), we recently learned about violent girls in the Forest Park. That scares you, it happens at five in the afternoon, and it happens in the places where we meet,” she explains. For her, there is a social punishment for being a lesbian, coupled with being a woman. “These crimes of lesbo-hate go hand in hand with sexual issues under the premise of the “I am going to teach you” type. We talk about corrective violations, which also target a specific type of lesbian: the truck [butch], who defies heteronormal roles”, she says.

The first recorded and investigated lesophobia crime is that of Mónica Briones, beaten to death in one of the corners of Plaza Italia in 1984. The case accelerated the formation of the first lesbian feminist collective in Chile, Ayuquelén, which existed for 15 years.

“In the year 84, when they killed Monica, it lead to our broad understanding of what happened to us all, the discrimination we were living. But there is no current reflection on hate crimes as they are understood today, ”says Cecilia Riquelme, one of its founders, who last Saturday October 12 participated in the Day of Lesbian Rebellion, in Valparaíso.(Translated)

Hablamos de lesbicidio cuando se mata a una lesbiana por serlo. En nuestra sociedad, amar a una mujer, siendo mujer, es una de las afrentas que más hiere a la masculinidad. Desde un acoso sexual correctivo, hasta violaciones que sirven de “advertencia”, y la convivencia con la heterosexualidad obligatoria que, muchas veces, te insta a permanecer en “el clóset”. De ahí que la visibilidad sea la herramienta política que las vincula: Nicole y Anna eran lesbianas “visibles”, y plantean la pregunta: ¿murieron por ser lesbianas?

Francisca Millán es abogada especializada en DD.HH. y género. Socia del estudio AML, que se dedica exclusivamente a la defensa de mujeres en causas que involucran violencia de género. Su proyecto ofrece una perspectiva feminista para materializar el derecho del acceso a la justicia. Millán afirma que las mujeres son vulneradas en el sistema legal chileno. En este escenario, ser lesbiana es una afrenta directa y muy específica.

“El lesbianismo, desde la masculinidad hegemónica, es una revelación al orden social, porque yo no me someto a las lógicas heteropatriarcales, estoy por fuera de ello, y no estoy dispuesta a ocupar esos roles”, explica Millán.

Delitos que afectarían directamente a lesbianas por el hecho de serlo sería el lesbicidio, el asesinato a una lesbiana, y la violación correctiva, la violación a una lesbiana con el fin de “corregirla”. No existen como tales en el código penal chileno, pero, de acuerdo a Millán, mezclando los delitos base con la Ley Zamudio, pueden relevarse los motores de odio.

“Los delitos de esta naturaleza tienen mucha expresión de poder, y demuestran que existe este ejercicio de sometimiento respecto de otras. Eso es algo bastante común en el caso de las mujeres lesbianas: qué forma más evidente de someter a una mujer que es lesbiana que obligarla a practicar sexo oral”, comenta la abogada.

Carmina Vásquez es abogada. Integra la Red lesbofeminista, una articuladora de organizaciones cuyo fin es formar redes de apoyo para las lesbianas. Su emprendimiento, Chueca Bar, abrirá pronto, un bar para lesbianas que quiere ser un espacio seguro dentro de una ciudad muy hostil.

“Este ha sido un año duro. Está el caso de Carolina Torres (golpeada en Pudahuel), hace poco supimos de chicas violentadas en el Parque Forestal. Eso te da miedo, pasa a las cinco de la tarde, y pasa en los lugares donde nos reunimos”, explica. Para ella, existe un castigo social al ser lesbiana, sumado al de ser mujer. “Estos crímenes de lesbo-odio van aparejados a temas sexuales bajo la premisa del yo te voy a enseñar. Hablamos de violaciones correctivas, que además se dirigen a un tipo específico de lesbiana: la camiona, que se sale de la heteronorma”, dice.

El primer crimen de lesbofobia registrado e investigado es el de Mónica Briones, asesinada a golpes en una de las esquinas de Plaza Italia el año 1984. El caso aceleró la formación de la primera colectiva lesbofeminista en Chile, Ayuquelén, que funcionó durante 15 años.

“El año 84, cuando matan a Mónica, se generó una reflexión amplia respecto de lo que nos pasaba a todas, la discriminación que vivíamos. Pero no hay una reflexión puntual sobre los crímenes de odio como son entendidos hoy en día”, dice Cecilia Riquelme, una de sus fundadoras, que el pasado sábado 12 de octubre participó del Día de las rebeldías lésbicas, en Valparaíso.
(Original)

Excerpts from Romina Reyes’ article.
Continue reading at: https://www.theclinic.cl/2019/10/16/cuando-muere-una-lesbiana-la-busqueda-de-justicia-para-nicole-saavedra-y-anna-cook/ (Source)

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Update: Arrest finally made over young lesbian Nicole Saavedra’s 2016 rape and murder

Nicole Saavedra 2

The Valparaíso Prosecutor’s Office has confirmed that an individual was arrested as for the kidnapping, rape and murder of young lesbian Nicole Saavedra, who was found dead on June 25, 2016, after having disappeared on the 18th of the same month in Quillota [Chile].

Víctor Alejandro Pulgar Vidal, micro driver of the El Melón-Limache route, was identified by the Investigative Police (PDI), and charges will be formalised in the Quillota Guarantee Court on November 13 2019 at 8:40 am.

[prosecutor Claudia] Perivancich also said that Pulgar is already serving a sentence “of ten years and one day, for the rape of a minor, with another rape charge underway”, also of a minor.

For her part, Saavedra’s cousin, María Francisca Bahamondes, said on Facebook that “after a long struggle of more than three years, where I had to chain myself to the National Prosecutor’s Office to be heard, where we took over the Prosecutor’s Office of Quillota, after a tireless and painful fight, I want to tell you that we found Nicole’s killer, the damn bastard is Víctor Alejandro Pulgar Vidal, driver of the Guerra commercial micro. Bahamondes family, we did it!”
(Translated)
La Fiscalía de Valparaíso confirmó que se detuvo a un sindicado individuo … como el autor de los delitos de secuestro y violación con homicidio de Nicole Saavedra, la joven lesbiana, que fue encontrada muerta el 25 de junio de 2016, tras haber desaparecido el 18 del mismo mes en Quillota.

Se trata de Víctor Alejandro Pulgar Vidal, chofer de micro del recorrido El Melón-Limache, quien fue identificado por la Policía de Investigaciones (PDI), quien será formalizado el próximo 13 de noviembre a las 8:40 en el Tribunal de Garantía de Quillota.

Perivancich también afirmó que Pulgar ya se encuentra cumpliendo una condena, “de diez años y un día, por el delito de violación de menor de edad. Actualmente también cursa un proceso criminal en su contra, también por el delito de violación” de otra persona, menor de 18 años.

Por su parte, la prima de Saavedra, María Francisca Bahamondes, sostuvo en su cuenta de Facebook que “después de más de tres años de una larga lucha, donde tuve que encadenarme en Fiscalía Nacional para ser escuchada, donde nos tomamos la Fiscalía de Quillota, tras una incansable y dolorosa lucha, quiero decirles que encontramos al asesino de Nicole, el maldito desgraciado es Víctor Alejandro Pulgar Vidal, chofer de la micro comercial Guerra. Familia Bahamondes, lo logramos!”.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.eldesconcierto.cl/2019/10/16/fiscalia-formalizara-a-presunto-autor-del-crimen-lesbofobico-contra-nicole-saavedra/ (Source)

Original article: Chile: three years after her lesbicide, still no justice for Nicole Saavedra

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Chile: The Red Zone: A place where butch lesbians live in fear

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Three mysterious deaths and dozens of violent attacks on butch lesbians, or camionas, have put lesbians in Chile’s Fifth region on red alert.

“We call the Fifth region Chile’s red zone for lesbians because of María, Nicole and Susana,” says Karen Vergara. “There are many other attacks. Not as brutal or fatal as these but enough to land lesbians – especially camionas – in hospital. “We as lesbians are always on red alert in this town [Quillota]. Day and night, 24 hours a day 365 days a year. We feel under threat. As soon as you step out of your home you are in danger.

Continue reading: https://www.bbc.com/news/stories-48719453 (source)

Update: Update: Arrest finally made over young lesbian Nicole Saavedra’s 2016 rape and murder

Chile: three years after her lesbicide, still no justice for Nicole Saavedra

Nicole Saavedra

 

Three years after her death, relatives, friends and women’s organizations together with LGBT collectives, demand that the Court criminalize the murder of Nicole Saavedra as a hate crime for lesbicide. The action is part of a series of activities coordinated at the national level in the framework of the so-called Month of Lesbian Visibility, which is commemorated each year by remembering lesbian women victims of lesbophobic violence where there is still no justice. … Nicole’s body was found on June 25, 2016 in Los Aromos Reservoir in Limache, with clear signs of having been tortured. Since the fateful date, those responsible for the crime have not yet been found.
(Translated)

(Original)

 

Continue reading at: https://m.elmostrador.cl/braga/2019/06/18/tres-anos-sin-justicia-para-nicole-saavedra-la-joven-asesinada-por-su-orientacion-sexual/ (Source)

Update: Update: Arrest finally made over young lesbian Nicole Saavedra’s 2016 rape and murder

In Memoriam: Lesbian Murder Victims (March 2019 Update)

Lesbians in Memoriam

We honour the following sisters:
  • Brenda Lorena Alvarado Montoya (2019) – Tegucigalpa, Honduras
  • Thuthukile Mabasa (2018) – Capetown, South Africa
  • Nicole Saavedra (2016) – Valparaiso, Brazil
  • Sidney Loofe (2017) – Nebraska, USA
  • Anne Mikaelly (2018) – Brasilia, Brazil
  • Unathi Bixa (2017) – Capetown, South Africa
  • Charlene Ranstrom and Brenda Warner (1988) – Nashua, New Hampshire
  • Cassie Hayes (2018) – Southport, Mercyside, England
  • Marielle Franco (2018) – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Elke W. and Beate N. (2016) – Gersthofen-Hirblingen, Germany
  • Anisha and Joey van Niekerk (2017) – Magaliesberg, South Africa
  • Kaladaa Crowell (and her 11 year-old daughter, Kyra Inglett) (2017) – West Palm Beach, Florida, USA
  • Noxolo Xakeka (2018) – Lwandle, South Africa
  • Kerrice Lewis (2018) – Washington, D.C., USA
  • Shanta Myers and Brandi Mells (and Shanta’s two children, Shanise Myers and Jeremiah Myers) (2017)  – Troy, New York, USA
  • Josanne Maria Almeida da Silva and Ana Paula da Silva Pereira (2017) – Manaus, Brazil
  • Quezia Kassya (2017) – San Paulo, Brazil
  • Georgann Lee Smith (2009) – Sarasota, Florida, USA
  • Ana Flávia Leitão (2017) – Cataguases, Brazil
  • Irani Ribeiro de Medeiros (2017) – Várzea Grande (Mato Grosso), Brazil.
  • Felicia Dormans (2017) – Mount Holly, New Jersey, USA.
  • Lyndsey Vaux (2016) – Wigan, United Kingdom

Continue reading at: http://inmemoriamlesbian.blogspot.com/