Tag Archives: violence against lesbians

Germany: young lesbian couple attacked

Germany

According to witnesses a lesbian couple aged 18 and 21 were arguing before a snack in  Tempelhofer Damm at 10.45. A 53-year-old man from the snack bar became aware of this dispute, went to the two women and asked what was going on. When he was told that the two women were a couple, he is alleged to have verbally abused one. In addition, he is alleged to have grabbed the 21-year-old by her lapels and pushed her backwards. The 18-year-old then intervened to protect her and stood in between them, when the man allegedly struck the young woman in the face. The 21-year-old tried again to help her partner, whereupon the man grabbed her by the wrist and hit her with a fist in her face.
(Translated)

Nach Zeugenangaben soll ein lesbisches Pärchen im Alter von 18 und 21 Jahren gegen 10.45 Uhr zunächst vor einem Imbiss am Tempelhofer Damm miteinander in Streit geraten sein. Auf diesen Streit wurde ein 53-jähriger Mann aus dem Imbiss aufmerksam, ging zu den beiden Frauen hin und fragte, was los sei. Hierbei bekam er mit, dass die beiden Frauen ein Paar sind, und soll sie homophob beschimpft haben. Zudem soll er die 21-Jährige an ihrem Revers gepackt und sie nach hinten gestoßen haben. Die 18-Jährige griff daraufhin zum Schutz ihrer Freundin ein und stellte sich dazwischen. Daraufhin soll der Mann der jungen Frau ins Gesicht geschlagen haben. Die 21-Jährige versuchte nun wiederum ihrer Lebensgefährtin zu helfen, worauf der Mann sie an einem Handgelenk gepackt und ihr mit der Faust ins Gesicht geschlagen haben soll. Auf die Ankündigung hin, nun die Polizei zu alarmieren, ging der Mann in den Imbiss zurück.
(Original)\

Continue reading at: https://www.queer.de/detail.php?article_id=33807 (Source)

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Lesbian activist Gerald Hayo: corrective rape is a common practice in Kenya

Gerald Hayo

Kenya is one of the 70 countries in the world that as of March 2019 criminalizes having sex with someone of the same sex. Currently, being gay in Kenya is punishable by up to 14 years in prison. The situation is aggravated if you are a lesbian woman, as is the case of Gerald Hayo, who survived a multiple corrective rape organized by her own family. The activist is now dedicating her life to fighting for the rights of lesbian, bisexual and queer (LBQ) women in the African country. Fire!!, the International Gay and Lesbian Film Festival in Barcelona, ​​has premiered the documentary Now you are woman by journalist Alba Muñoz, in which Hayo tells her story to the world. At a time when talking involves exposing oneself, Hayo wants to break with the systematic silence that makes invisible the violations of human rights and the inequality suffered by Kenyan women who do not follow the mandate of heterosexuality.
(Translated)

Kenia es uno de los 70 países del mundo que a fecha de marzo de 2019 criminaliza tener relaciones con alguien de tu mismo sexo. Actualmente, ser homosexual en Kenia se castiga con hasta 14 años de prisión. La situación se agrava si eres una mujer lesbiana, como es el caso de Gerald Hayo, que sobrevivió a una violación múltiple correctiva organizada por su propia familia. La activista dedica ahora su vida a luchar por los derechos de las mujeres lesbianas, bisexuales y queer (LBQ) del país africano. Fire!!, la Muestra Internacional de cine Gay y Lésbico de Barcelona, ha estrenado … el documental Now you are woman de la periodista Alba Muñoz, en el que Hayo relata su historia al mundo. En un momento en el que hablar supone exponerse, Hayo quiere romper con el silencio sistemático que invisibiliza las vulneraciones de derechos humanos y la desigualdad que sufren las mujeres keniatas que no siguen el mandato de la heterosexualidad.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.elsaltodiario.com/kenia/gerald-hayo-las-violaciones-correctivas-a-mujeres-lbq-son-una-practica-comun-en-kenia- (Source)

Luleki Sizwe Womyn’s Project: Fighting for Lesbian Safety in South Africa

lulekisizwe-ndumie-funda-2019-06-11-gcn01_z.jpg

In 2006, South Africa became the fifth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage. So the country must be naturally progressive about LGBTQ equality, right?

The reality is that homophobia, brutal hate crimes, “corrective rape,” and other anti-LGBTQ violence persist, with profoundly heartbreaking effects. And it makes the fight for basic safety in the queer community risky and incredibly difficult.

But over the past decade, one organization has risen to the challenge. Luleki Sizwe Womyn’s Project (luleki-sizwe.com) is a non-profit devoted to delivering help and support to lesbians who are victims of homophobic attacks and rape across 10 South African township communities.

Funda of course welcomes donations — but the group has long encountered problems collecting international non-profit funds through its PayPal account. So, at present, the alternate donation method is via direct bank transfer, which this writer successfully did online in just a few minutes.

The organization’s business transaction account details are: Luleki Sizwe Womyn’s Project; Standard Bank South Africa, Cape Town; account number 071362940; branch code 024909; SWIFT code SBZAZAJJ. The Luleki Sizwe Womyn’s Project can be contacted at 071-171-9654 and info@luleki-sizwe.com. These details are also listed at luleki-sizwe.com/donate.

Continue reading: https://www.gaycitynews.nyc/
stories/2019/13/lulekisizwe-ndumie-funda-2019-06-11-gcn.html
(source)

Update: Five teens arrested in lesbophobic attack

A lesbian couple was attacked on a douple-decker London bus late last month.

Five teenagers have been arrested in connection with a homophobic attack on a London bus late last month, London police say.

Melania Geymonat posted about the violent incident on her Facebook page last week, describing what began as a date night with her partner Chris. On the way home, a group of young men began harassing them. “They started behaving like hooligans, demanding that we kissed so they could enjoy watching, calling us ‘lesbians’ and describing sexual positions,” she wrote. The couple was beaten and bloodied by the group, who allegedly stole their belongings.

Continue reading: https://www.wgbh.org/news/international-news/2019/06/09/five-teens-arrested-in-homophobic-attack-on-london-bus (source)

Original article:  U.K: Lesbian couple beaten up because they refused to kiss

I carry a list of their names

Mersiha

Mersiha (left) (Image courtesy of Dr Danica Anderson, with Mersiha’s permission)

 

A guest post by Dr Danica Anderson

I carry a list of their names

I will name her Mersiha for purposes of protection.

She must have been standing by the tall war weary grey and riddled with bullets apartment building. Otherwise, she would not have been able to unexpectedly show up in Sana Koric’s photo shop located on the ground floor of the building.

The door swung open making the bell ring out aggressively.  My back was to her – it is a shield to pitch away the spewing incoherent words that came out her mouth.

It felt strange with Sana standing at her register smoking on her cigarette as if the door being ripped open violently was normal. It was even stranger with Sana calmly greeting her as she would any customer or person- you know the typical question ‘how are you’ but didn’t want to be bothered with any answer.

Sana’s response made me turned around to look at intruder.  For a moment, I thought I didn’t hear the spewing incoherent words.  But, Mersiha’s agitation was shown with her arms raised and flaying with no apparent target. Somewhere in that moment her eyes locked with mine despite her being imprisoned in her mental illness tirade.   Mersiha saw I was listening intently to all she said and all her movements without fear.

I could not but help to see her and this registered deeply upon her.

But, I was questioning internally how this forgotten invisible woman is smothered with precursory greetings and ignored.  I wondered hasn’t there been someone who was questioning and curious about her life and how she got into a state.  I know in the aftermath of war, the small town- Novi Travnik being invisible meant everyone walks by her as if she did not exist.  Or murder her for being lesbian.

By seeing and listening to her, I discovered her collection of spewed incoherent sentences are underlined with an intelligence.

Abruptly, she said, “you do not live here….. I can talk to you”.

In that one extremely touching statement she said to me pointed unquestionably to the fact she was shunned and swirled in an ocean of silence.

I was vulnerably placed in the bearing witness mode in an instant.

I, also, knew if Mersiha could respond to me in those few moments a healing social collective would provide the environment for this woman to accept the trauma she experienced and still endures.

I hesitate with medications since I knew she certainly did not get any with the humanitarian aid agencies nor the money to have meds consistently. My internal witness was chattering that I had no medications to give only my clinical assessment and being a sister to women in need.   I already witnessed how lesbians are prescribed more anti-depressants and anti- psychotics which in all likelihood created the mental illnesses in the male medical model[1].  The male medical model is a pathologization another form swearing allegiances for patriarchal authority that rally to save normal[2] as heterosexual.

I knew to expect the unexpected in the region that experienced 100 years of war. Basically, I am in a war zone that never ends the hate and violence.  I knew from so many experiences in the killing fields across the globe that knowing their hidden truth can be very costly especially when their hidden truth is liberated.

I learned in each of these experiences that it’s critical to illustrate the importance of bearing witness especially in environments of hate and violence.  It allows the survivors to struggle with a vocabulary and relate their herstories to those who stand ready to hear their hidden truth.

I am not talking about testimonies either. Many war women crimes and war survivors encountered the modern day courts and rule of law call for testimony, a word that has its origins of males swearing on their testicles for their allegiances in patriarchal rule[3].  Given the patriarchal and manmade law there is no room for women’s breasts of nurturance and wombs to birth their narratives in order to complete the process of their survival.  Her life story is incapable of being repossessed and reclaimed.

The result is that the women survivors live in a dangerous hideout unable to leave and unable to have a coherent, integrated narrative of what happened and continues to happen for her.  Women survivors are erased and made invisible in the testimonies since they are without testicles to prove their truths of realities are self-evident.

I looked at Sana standing at her register steadily smoking.  I thought of the some twenty Bosnian Muslim women war crimes and war survivors I work with in Novi Travnik.   The female social collective is inherent with those women but many were uneducated, older women who lived through WWII and the Balkan War who are certainly strongly steeped in Bosnian male dogma for testicles swearing allegiances.

Sana’s coolly smoking her cigarette and warm greetings to her enables a silence that in the end kills female social collective solidarity.   The killing silence is a jailer that has thrown away the keys to the cage. No matter of support, love and care is nurtured and if done it is in a repressed underground passive behavior.  My own hidden truth and that of the Bosnian female social collective I work with and love dearly are, also, complicit in this killing silence of women who are mentally and/or physically broken down.

It is more than that, I would discover later after hearing Mersiha’s story from Sana that “she was a crazed lesbian woman”.  I cringed when Sana spoke of what happened to her during the Balkan War.  I asked Sana why it matters that this woman is a lesbian when the violence towards women includes all daughters.

To remain authentic to myself and for these Bosnian women war crimes and war survivors I worked on their interpretation because it invariably plays a decisive formative role in who one comes to be, and in how a person lives their own life.  The so-called crazed woman according to the women war crimes and war survivors, the woman I encountered in Sana’s photo shop became untouchable – a lesbian that was not allow her to experience the traumatic events in her life without a witness, or her internal witness and she became trapped and warped in mental incapacities.

It matters because the murdering of lesbians sets an environment of terrorization for all women. We have mothers and their lesbian daughters who desperately want their daughters’ sexual agency quiet and unheard of to avoid the courts and rule of law call for testimony.    Women need to go deeper given that the alibi or being repatriated back home is the absence of death.  It is a quality of knowledge about their traumatic experiences and its relationship to struggle with death anxiety. In the end, it means being an insincere witness to themselves and her. We are unable to witness the violence in silencing lesbian’s reality of living in a world of hate.

To this day no one would want to publicly admit Mersiha is lesbian, it is for a very good reason.   Of the few lesbians I have met outside of Sarajevo city, the rural regions have many lesbians who have disappeared or camouflaged themselves. The same alibi is given when I ask where she is.  The universal response is – she has been repatriated back home.

The lesbians I searched for are the ‘disappeared’ and most likely murdered and tortured and raped.

I carry the names of lesbians asking authorities (all male by the way) – where did these women go?  Novi Travnik’s mayor, a short man in his early fifties told me right after I heatedly stated that these women have disappeared, “I knew we were in recovery when Novi Travnik had a beauty salon.  Maybe she will come back and get her hair done.”   I will spare you the expletives in my response to him.  But, I did say sramota- shame on you.

I ask the towns’ people randomly about the names of women who have gone missing.   The same response is given.   I walk away with bowed shoulders and in the beginning I would cry but now my female rage, a social justice burns ferociously.

Sana told me Mersiha and her partner traveled to many places before the war.   During the Balkan war Sana reported her partner left – abandoned her.   It was then, she had a break from reality.

Mersiha left her apartment and the door open.   Since it was war the entire apartment was ransacked.  Sana did not know where she went only that she was in town.   I took this to mean she lived on the streets.  It is unknown how her days were spent during the war and up until the time I encountered her in 2004.

After Mersiha left Sana’s photo office, I turned to Sana asking how the women I have come to know allow this happen.   I said to make this right, she needs Kolo Sumejia- a social collective and let’s work on that and see about getting her a place to live.  Of course, it was more of a demand.

I have a female rage shrouded with female social justice which set up my bravery to ask the small group of elderly women I work with to nurture and heal.  I knew I was shaming them- rather I was holding the women accountable for our killing silence which is painful for them and me.

Within few years, I returned to Novi Travnik and there Mersiha was sitting on a bench with an older woman, a friend who now share their apartment together.   While it was not a Lesbian partnership it was woman to woman, a female social justice that the women war crimes and war survivors in Novi Travnik do under the radar of male dominated society.

She smiled at me and waved her hand for me to come over to the bench.  I walked over and could not help smiling.   She introduced me to her friend saying she is better and on medications.   I turned to leave and she touched my arm.   I turned back and she said, you knew I existed.  You listened.

She is the only lesbian I found alive on my list of names.  I realized the female social collective did not give me an alibi – ‘repatriated back home’ when I asked after her.   I still ask about the other names on my list but it’s been over 18 years now.

What I learned after decades treating trauma across the globe is that I can’t change the world, erase the killing silences or save everyone.   My small act, my one response to witness and listen to one woman rippled into a female social collective that ended up healing her and many others.   I know it is only one name out of my list of names, one encounter and a dialogue that powerfully heals the experiences from those who have been victimized or subjected to it but, I heard a deeper truth not the killing silence or that alibi that she has been repatriated back home.

 

Bosnian Female Collective; a Human Geography

In Novi Travnik[4], Bosnia Herzegovina, I created the female social collective with the Bosnian women war crimes and war survivors.  The women named the social collective Kolo[5] Sumejia.  Sumejia is from the Quran, a female martyr.  The Ahmica-Vitez grandmothers and the Kolo Sumejia are the female social collectives where I would learn how they heal trauma and witness their grief and our own grief at the same time.

Only a few kilometers away from Novi Travnik is the village Ahmica-Vitez, the site of war crimes. Similar to Novi Travnik, a street divides the Ahmica Muslim enclave from the Croatians[6].  150 elderly and mostly women and children to infants were slaughtered in the Muslim morning call to prayer[7].  The war crimes here at Ahmica-Vitez was done by Croats not Serbs.

The human geography of the Balkan War and war crimes would have the grandmothers out in the field with their livestock which saved their lives but not their children and grandchildren.

If you drive another five kilometers away from Novi Travnik it is startlingly to the point of disbelief since Travnik is one of the most beautiful places in Eastern Europe.  Travnik is smacked in the middle of Mt. Vlasic’s soaring cliffs.  One road is the only entrance and exit that leads to Mt. Vlasic.  Blue Waters rage down from a stout Tower with stone walls witch’s castle and flows underground and then emerges above ground into Travnik. Austria’s Archduke Ferdinand drank coffee at the Blue Waters café in 1914.  The Mosque has its minaret on the wrong side due to the raging blue waters that roar through the town.

Mt Vlasic serves as the backbone of the town, actually the protector of the town. And the thousands of internal displaced people (IDPs) – refugees in their own country would flee to Travnik.

During the Balkan War (1991-1993) over 5,000 women- IDPs, refugees and those from the rape camps fled to Travnik[8].  Snipers were able to kill some. The women talked about how their mothers and grandmothers’ covered up their windows and knew how to outlast the sieges and sniper kills to the market via their wood stoves and their fermented and home canned goods.

In other words, after three world wars -100 years of war – intergenerational trauma conjures up the survivor skills not thriving skills. It also conjures up the women’s silence on their own daughters’ sexual agency, not just Muslim women but, especially, if lesbians or haven been raped.

The rape survivors knew from before the war how Travnik was geographical situated to protect IDPs – refugees.   We do know in the Balkan War rape camps held elder women- mostly educated with doctorates and/or held high positions with a majority of Muslim young women.  There is talk that many of the educated women were lesbians but it is never spoken about or referred to in most media and research.

From my kolo informed trauma work not just in Bosnia but across the globe, lesbians’ trauma events and trauma response comes from their unassimilable experiences since their commitment to the truth of their realities is a journey with the ultimate difference-the otherness of living and otherness of death.

Two outstanding elements stood out for me in the literature about these rape camps showing the killing silence; no mention or few children of rape were born and no mention of Lesbian women.   The extremes of what women endured and lesbians are not in the written historical accounts and if chronicled it is rare.  The otherness of women’s lives, their sexual identity and sexual agency cannot efface the gynocide (mass murder of women).  But it does demand a repossession of her witnessing her loss and suffering when she recounts the experience of otherness, separation and loss.

Since, there is no mention or witnessing lesbians among the 5,000 women rape survivors and refugees I decided to detail traces of their lesbian lives at the local communities I found myself in. Even the UN statistics did not have Lesbians enumerated and they were most likely folded into the women category[9].  Of course it is fine to have lesbians noted as women – true women who in my tacit knowledge[10] is our first mother who had to be lesbian and all women have the capacity for parthenogenesis[11] (self-birthing).

While the women category for Lesbians is accurate what occurs with this specific exclusion is how violence against lesbians in the former Yugoslavia and in the Balkan war and rape camps is excused and not held accountable.   It is a killing silence- a gynocide given a green light to this very day.

I do know that lesbian human geography before the war and during the war and in the aftermath is a continuous hell.  Yet, something did change in the aftermath of war when I and the Bosnian women war crimes and war survivors acknowledged that she exists along with a female social collective that committed to witness her life and their lives.  The killing silence is eliminated with the female solidarity and collective that allowed for witnessing her existence, her trauma while being in sisterhood.

Similar to the geographical extreme contrast between the Ahmica-Vitez, Novi Travnik to the mother town Travnik’s beauty, Travnik gives the impression of not being scarred or severely wounded from the century of wars. But the hidden truth are women’s suicides by flying off their dreary apartment buildings to their deaths.  This occurred in Novi Travnik-actually everywhere in the aftermath of the war.  The killing silence had their suicides classified as accidental.

At the very least, Novi Travnik’s ghetto like aftermath fits it’s an ugly munitions factory – a target during the Balkan War.  The ugly munitions factory is where Mersiha worked as an engineer.  Her human geography and environment are the backdrops of smudged soot colored apartment buildings before the war and after the war.  The buildings’ acne are the grenade impacts creating craters accompanied with millions of bullet holes that make no pattern- bullet holes are pitched in every direction.  The environment and backdrop of the buildings is why I never saw Mersiha standing near the building when she stormed into Sana’s photo shop.

I realized how the environment and human geography of hatred and violence camouflaged Mersiha physically and also spoke of how blindness is entrenched in the killing silence.

One half of the town is Muslim and the other half is Croatian.  Actually, the main street is the dividing line where Croat soldiers and snipers would lean out their windows and shoot at the Muslim population.  How she survived the snipers in the surrounding hillsides killing anyone attempting to go get food is unknown.  The Croatian side looks like another town in Eastern Europe- unscathed and plugged into the western world where funding and clean up was done in about 5 years.   Not so, for the Muslim side.  A cup of coffee on the Croatian side is about $2.00 but on the Muslim side 50 cents to a dollar[12].

Since the homosexuals are the preferred male gender it stands to reason that most lesbians and women are the hardest hit in the century of wars.   This is made possible with the governing entities and military to include the International criminal court for Yugoslavia tribunal[13].  The latter, blames the feminists for their advocacy of women’s sexual agency.   This did not stymie the use of public space and talk about the trauma endured by lesbians. Lepa Mladenovic, Serbian feminist activist wrote to Women in Black group Joan Nestle:

“From the beginning of wars in this region from ’91 I felt that I have to invent Ten thousand ways to let my lesbian desire breathe. At some moment during the last 8 years it was not easy for me to put in words how do I feel when making love with a woman and in the back there is a radio with the news of war. Killed, or expelled or other fascist acts. In my room, I would not be able to stand up from the bed, leave the desired bodies and switch off the news, also because I thought the respect to the killed I will show by not switching off the radio.”[14]

However, homosexuality was the door that opened to public awareness for the former Yugoslav provinces Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia in 1977.  According to Tajana Greif, an author (LL25- History of Slovenian Lesbian movement) and LGBTI activist reported ““It is only after that that homosexuality was able to enter public discourse and public space.”

Notice that Bosnia Hercegovina is not listed. The Balkan War genocide and gynocide to rape camps forms a denial narrative by not listing in the statistical women categories lesbians.   In fact, there is perhaps a shred of historical narratives or some witnessing that declares lesbians were targeted in the bloody war.

Lepa Mladenovic resisted the temptation to push away the news on the radio and to not fall into the killing silences.  Instead Lepa reconstitutes the lesbian desire to breathe and make love with a woman, a witnessing of her own trauma along with many lesbians in the radio broadcast that most likely did not cite lesbians.  What mattered was that Lepa knew from the concrete details that in the women category was the lesbian category.


Dr. Danica Borkovich Anderson founded and directed The Kolo: Women’s Cross Cultural Collaboration (The Kolo: WCCC) focusing on intersecting women’s collaboration, representation, and advocacy for social justice to halt violence against women internationally and nationally. The Kolo: WCCC promotes and provides women’s trauma counseling, treatment, and gives the opportunity to “train the trainer,” preparing lay persons to facilitate the ongoing work. The Kolo: WCCC presents a feminist perspective coupled with cross cultural practices that enable women in war torn regions, such as Africa (Sub-Sahara), Afghanistan, Bosnia, India, and Sri Lanka to become self-sustainable in their communities.


 

[1] Sexual heatmap- “But something proverbial hit the fan when the press release included the fact that there were early and consistent reports that antidepressants could change sexual orientation from homosexuality to heterosexuality. Impossible we were told. You will lose all credibility making these claims.

The first report of this effect is tucked away in the very first English language article on the discovery of the antidepressant effects of imipramine by Roland Kuhn. Imipramine we now know is a potent serotonin reuptake inhibitor. Kuhn was a country doctor, more a psychotherapist than a psychopharmacologist. He was conservative in attitude. His explanation for what was going on was that some homosexual behaviors stemmed from depression and relieving this helped “normalize” other behaviors. He didn’t celebrate the issue but he may have been pleased – in line with dominant thinking at that time.” https://rxisk.org/the-sexual-heatmap-2/

[2] Saving Normal- “Saving Normal: An Insider’s Revolt Against Out-of-Control Psychiatric Diagnosis, DSM-5, Big Pharma, and the Medicalization of Ordinary Life as ‘part mea culpa, part j’accuse, part cri de coeur’.Frances’ arguments about the dangers of inflating psychiatric conditions and psychiatric diagnosis are persuasive – maybe more so because he honestly admits to his own role in developing such an inflation. He is keenly aware of the risks of diagnostic inflation ‘because of painful firsthand experience’, he writes. ‘Despite our efforts to tame excessive diagnostic exuberance, DSM-IV had since been misused to blow up the diagnostic bubble’. He is particularly concerned about the exponential increase in the diagnosis of psychiatric conditions in children, writing: ‘We failed to predict or prevent three new false epidemics of mental disorder in children – autismattention deficit, and childhood bipolar disorder. And we did nothing to contain the rampant diagnostic inflation that was already expanding the boundary of psychiatry far beyond its competence.’ https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/reclaiming-childhood/201407/review-saving-normal-0

[3] “In ancient Rome, two men taking an oath of allegiance held each other’s testicles, and men held their own testicles as a sign of truthfulness while bearing witness in a public forum. The Romans found a word to describe this practice but didn’t invent the practice itself. Other primates had already been doing this for millions of years. Two male baboons who cooperate with each other by forming aggressive alliances against other baboons frequently fondle each other’s genitalia. This behavior has nothing to do with sex but it’s a social ritual that primatologists call a “greeting.” The behavior of ancient Romans and male baboons can be explained by the Handicap Principle, an evolutionary theory according to which the most effective way to obtain reliable information about a partner’s commitment in a relationship – whether a political alliance, a romantic relationship, or a business partnership – is to impose a cost on the partner and assess the partner’s willingness to pay it.” https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/games-primates-play/201112/testify-comes-the-latin-word-testicle

[4] I do want you to know that “Novi” translated from Bosnian means new in English.  The reason for naming it Novi Travnik is due to the mother town named Travnik located about five kilometers away.

[5] The Serbo-Croatian word kolo is very old and is most likely older than Sanskrit.  The kolo original meaning is the wheel and the Slavs call their round folk dances- kolo.  It also means to be in a circle.   I selected this word to evade the patriarchal symbols and return to the true meaning of the circle.

[6] The ethnic divides in former Yugoslavia: Croatians are Catholic, Serbians are Serbian Orthodox and Muslims are Bosniaks.

[7] The Ahmići massacre was the culmination of the Lašva Valley ethnic cleansing committed by the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia’s political and military leadership on Bosniak civilians during the Croat-Bosniak War in April 1993

[8] “The seizure of Jajce appeared to confirm the Serbian leaders’ determination to press forward with their offensive, despite pledges to seek peace and to stop fighting for control of wide areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina where Serbs were a minority before the war. In Jajce and the surrounding county, Serbs accounted for 19 percent of the population of 45,000 people in the 1991 census, with Muslims accounting for 39 per cent and Croats 35 percent.

Muslims and Croats were among the refugees streaming into Travnik today down the only road not blocked by Serbian troops, a dirt track used by Jajce’s defenders to run supply convoys through the mountains at night. A BBC reporter said that the refugees were arriving in Travnik, 20 miles southeast of Jajce, covered in mud, wet from heavy rains, and limping with fatigue after spending most of two days on the trek. The reporter, Alan Little, said in a radio account that some refugees reported that Serbian fighters opened fire on the refugees from positions overlooking the road. https://www.nytimes.com/1992/10/31/world/30-mile-refugee-line-is-seen-in-bosnia.html

[9] Bosnia-Hercegovina continue the onslaught of omitting or excluding Lesbians- “Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Open Centre, the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights organization, documented 23 cases of hate speech and incitement of violence and hate and two crimes and incidents motivated by prejudice on the basis of sexual orientation and/or gender identity in the first three months of 2016. The reaction of authorities to these incidents is generally inadequate. There was no progress in police investigations into the 2014 attack on a film festival that Sarajevo Open Centre organized.

In its annual progress on Bosnia and Herzegovina published in November, the European Commission highlighted the failure of authorities to amend the constitution, in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights and to implement rulings by the Constitutional Court. The report also identified inadequate legal protection for LGBTI persons and the failure of authorities to protect adequately the rights of minorities and to ensure media freedom.” https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/06/23/human-rights-watch-country-profiles-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity.”

[10] Wendy Wheeler’s The Whole Creature Book-Wheeler argues that art and culture advance through intuited embodied knowledge. Tacit bodily knowledge- our genome and thousands of generations of ancestors’ lived experiences. https://books.google.com/books?id=LFDEK8QyNhkC&pg=PA102&lpg=PA102&dq=Wendy+Wheeler+tacit+knowledge+definition&source=bl&ots=DL4so92U3e&sig=ACfU3U1vLriIQlHrx0kcc6JIaOSVpSTlGw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwia-9ymgrrgAhXpr1QKHff9AWsQ6AEwAnoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=Wendy%20Wheeler%20tacit%20knowledge%20definition&f=false

[11] “It’s a theme as old as science fiction: A world without men. The story is a familiar one: lesbians living together in an all-women utopia, loving, raising families and their own food. No men are needed, even in the creation of children. There’s a word for creating children without men: parthenogenesis, but it’s never applied to humans. Parthenogenesis, or virgin birth, is defined as reproduction without fertilization. It occurs naturally in some plant and insect species. It does not occur naturally in mammals, but like many other procedures developed in modern medicine, it can now occur with the assistance of scientists.” https://www.liveabout.com/parthenogenesis-do-we-need-men-anymore-2170724

“The newspaper article unfortunately mentioned that such children would have to be daughters (it would have been interesting to see whether or not any sons were claimed, but, if so, they could not possibly be parthenoforms). Ultimately, 19 women presented themselves along with their daughters as examples of “virgin birth.” Eleven of these did not profess that no father existed, but were under the mistaken impression that the search was for a hymen intact after conception (but long since broken in birth). The remaining eight pairs were examined by Balfour-Lynn (1956), who blood typed mothers and daughters and found antigens present in six daughters that were absent in their mothers, clear evidence of genetic differences. In another pair, the mother had blue eyes and the daughter brown eyes, indicating genetic differences. In the single remaining case, “Mrs. Alpha and daughter,” there was apparent genetic identity in blood groups and several other genetically determined traits including electrophoretic analysis of serum. The probability of such a close match between a mother and daughter produced by heterosexual reproduction was less than one chance in a hundred (P < .01).” http://www.zo.utexas.edu/courses/thoc/virginbirth.pdf

[12] In my book Blood & Honey: The Secret Herstory- Balkan Women War Crimes and War Survivors, the narratives of Bosnian women war crimes and war survivors.

[13] Challenging Bosnian Women’s Identity as Rape Victims, as Unending Victims: The ‘Other’ Sex in Times of War “Still, while the ICTY‟s view of the use of rape in the Bosnian war was groundbreaking and lauded as a great success by many feminists, Engle argues that on some level the ICTY, influenced by feminist thinking, has inadvertently functioned to limit the narratives about women in war, denying much of women’s sexual and political agency (Engle, 2008, 942). Engle contends that many feminists treated at least some women as victims only, rather than as people capable of political and sexual agency during the war (Engle, 2005, 780). My research was prompted by the recognition that many important narratives of women’s agency in times of war have become silenced and ignored” https://vc.bridgew.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1027&context=jiws

[14] ibid

The hierarchy of Sexual assault: A gender non-conforming lesbian’s struggle for justice

by Pippa Fleming
daddigirlgriot.wordpress.com

I laid on a twin bed just inches off the ground weeping, “how the fuck did I get here?” as a hurricane hot flash and the smell of cat piss abruptly awakened me. Tears, sweat and funk permeated my sheets as I looked around the cluttered room feeling like a motherless child. As I rocked and held myself, I thought “death of a beloved and sexual assault feels the same.” First comes the shock and numbness, then come the people expressing empathetic sorrow and gestures of help. The body is laid to rest, then comes the repass with all that good soul food, while folks reminisce about the departed. When the last guest leaves, the door shutting behind them sparks the realization that you are alone and everyone else is going to get on with their lives, business as usual.

Call it intuition, a hunch or hindsight, I knew nothing was going to be done. I am a black gender non-conforming lesbian. Even with a narcissistic apology email from my perpetrator (that I’m going to share for shit’s and giggles) what could a black butch lesbian expect? I was disposable, nor was I a famous “queer” woman with a powerful platform like Ellen DeGeneres or Roxane Gay, sharing their stories of sexual assault… nor was I the wife of a famous basketball player like Steph Curry, who had a man arrested after making lewd comments about sexually assaulting her.

Continue reading: The hierarchy of Sexual assault: A gender non-conforming lesbian’s struggle for justice (source)

Cameroon: Assaults, rape, death threats over lesbian affair

location-of-meyo-cameroon-screen-shot-2019-06-10-at-3.13.38-pm.png

In April, when a Cameroonian man learned that his common-law wife was attracted to women, he assaulted her, raped her lover and threatened to kill them both.

“He burst into the house and struck me to the ground. He tore off my clothes. He assaulted my girlfriend and raped her in front of me as I lay on the floor helplessly. My lover lived in a secluded area, so no neighbors could hear our cries for help.

Before leaving, my husband hit me again on the head and vowed to return later to kill us. Afraid for our lives, my lover and I packed up and went to the home of one of her friends who agreed to host us for a few days.”

Continue reading: https://rightsafrica.com/2019
/06/13/cameroon-assaults-rape-death-threats-over-lesbian-affair/
(source)

France: 2019 SOSHomophobie report documents an act of lesbophobia a day

The number of hateful acts against lesbians reported to SOS homophobia has jumped 42%, from 257 in 2017 to 365 in 2018. Lesbophobia cases thus represent 22% of all situations recorded, compared to 16% in 2017.
These figures are probably more indicative of lesbians than a reflection of an increase in lesbophobia. At the end of 2017, #MeToo and #BalanceTonPorc movements, followed by many other mobilizations, allowed the denunciation of acts of harassment and aggression towards women, revealing the extent of situations that were previously minimized. Lesbian testimonials are certainly part of this wave of demands.
Lesbophobic acts in public places go from 9% to 13%. In these spaces, cases of physical assault involve lesbians and gays alike, respectively 38% and 36% of assaults.
The testimonies collected at SOS homophobia also highlight the various forms of aggression experienced by lesbians.
(Translated)

Le nombre d’actes haineux à l’encontre des lesbiennes rapporté à SOS homophobie a bondi de 42 %, passant de 257 en 2017 à 365 en 2018. Les cas de lesbophobie représentent ainsi 22 % de l’ensemble des situations enregistrées, contre 16 % en 2017.
Ces chiffres sont probablement davantage révélateurs de la prise de parole des lesbiennes que le reflet d’une augmentation de la lesbophobie. Fin 2017, les mouvements #MeToo et #BalanceTonPorc, suivis de nombreuses autres mobilisations, ont permis la dénonciation d’actes de harcèlement et d’agression envers les femmes, révélant l’ampleur de situations jusqu’alors minimisées. Les témoignages de lesbiennes s’inscrivent donc assurément dans cette vague revendicative.
Les actes lesbophobes dans les lieux publics passent de 9 % à 13 %. Dans ces espaces, les cas d’agressions physiques concernent autant les lesbiennes que les gays, respectivement 38 % et 36 % des agressions.
Les témoignages recueillis à SOS homophobie mettent également en évidence les
diverses formes d’agressions vécues par les lesbiennes.
(original)

Continue reading at: https://www.sos-homophobie.org/sites/default/files/rapport_homophobie_2019_interactif.pdf (Source)

Spain: Taxi driver assaults three women shouting lesbophobic insults

 

Spain

Three women have denounced a taxi driver for alleged homophobic aggression in the parking lot of a discotheque in Viladecans, Barcelona. The taxi driver, as reported by the women, hit them and threw them to the ground after treating them as “bitches” and “bolleras de mierda”. Instead, the taxi driver says that it was the women who assaulted him.
(Translated)

Tres mujeres han denunciado a un taxista por una supuesta agresión homófoba en el aparcamiento de una discoteca de Viladecans, en Barcelona. El taxista, según han denunciado las mujeres, las pegó y los tiró al suelo después de tratarlas de “guarras” y de “bolleras de mierda”. En cambio, el taxista asegura que fueron las mujeres quien lo agredieron.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://elcaso.elnacional.cat/es/sucesos/barcelona-taxista-agresion-homofoba-bolleras-viladecans_6312_102.html (Source)

Chile: Man assaults lesbian couple in subway

chile

The Movilh* has denounced a situation of homophobic violence occurred on Monday in the Quinta Normal subway, where a subject physically and verbally assaulted a young lesbian couple, when they were preparing to use the stairs. It all started when the man wanted to overtake them on the escalators and realized they were a couple. When this happened, they received strong threats from him, as well as a kick when he noticed that one of them was recording him.
(Translated)

El Movilh ha denunciado una situación de violencia homofóbica ocurrida este lunes en el metro Quinta Normal, donde un sujeto agredió física y verbalmente a una joven pareja de lesbianas, cuando ellas se disponían a utilizar las escaleras. Todo comenzó cuando el hombre quiso adelantarlas en las escaleras mecánicas y se dio cuenta que eran pareja. Cuando esto sucedió, recibieron fuertes amenazas de su parte, además de una patada cuando notó que una de ellas lo estaba grabando.
(Original)

Continue reading at: http://los40.cl/los40/2019/05/14/actualidad/1557865247_538902.html (Source)

* MOVILH is the Chilean Homosexual Movement for Integration and Liberation (Movimiento de Integración y Liberación Homosexual).

U.K: Lesbian actors targeted in ‘homophobic’ attack

actors.jpg

Two actors were attacked on their way to a theatre performance in what was described as a “cowardly homophobic hate crime”.
Lucy Jane Parkinson and Rebecca Banatvala were starring in Rotterdam, which tells the story of a young gay woman, at Southampton’s NST Campus.
The London-based couple said they were walking to the theatre for the matinee performance on Saturday when Ms Parkinson was hit by an object – possibly “stones”, according to police – apparently thrown from a passing car.
The final two performances of the Olivier Award-winning play by Jon Brittain were cancelled as a result.

Continue reading: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-hampshire-48572800 (source)

Brazil: lesbian tattoo artist murdered

Joyce Cristina Vargas da Silva

Photo from Facebook

The Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro found the body of the tattoo artist Joyce Cristina Vargas da Silva , 31 years old. Black woman, lesbian and passionate about tattooing. She had been missing since Monday, May 27, after going out with friends from a LGBTQ + nightclub, to Papa G Nightclub . According to the cousin of the victim, the friends left and Joyce decided to stay a little longer. … Agents of the Capital Homicide Division located her corpse near the rails of the Madureira train station, in the northern part of Rio de Janeiro. The information above is from O Globo newspaper and SBT Brasil . Still, according to what was disclosed by social networks there were signs of rape and the indication that the murder has lesbophobic motivation.
(Translated)

A Polícia Civil do Rio de Janeiro encontrou o corpo da tatuadora Joyce Cristina Vargas da Silva, 31 anos. Mulher negra, lésbica e apaixonada por tatuagem. Ela estava desaparecida desde a segunda-feira, 27 de Maio, após sair com amigas de uma boate LGBTQ+, a Boate Papa G. Segundo o primo da vítima, as amigas foram embora e Joyce resolveu ficar um pouco mais. … Agentes da Divisão de Homicídios da Capital localizaram o cadáver próximo aos trilhos da estação de trem de Madureira, na zona norte do Rio de Janeiro. As informações acima são do jornal O Globo e do SBT Brasil. Ainda, segundo o que foi divulgado pelas redes sociais havia sinais de estupro e a indicação que o assassinato tenha motivação lesbofóbica.
(Original)

 

Continue reading at: http://www.frrrkguys.com.br/tatuadora-e-assassinada-no-rio-de-janeiro/ (source)

UK: Lesbian journalist attacked after public event

2504.jpgjulie.jpg

A leading British feminist, who campaigns against violence towards women, has claimed that she was attacked in Edinburgh last night by a transgender person.

Julie Bindel, the keynote speaker at an Edinburgh University event which discussed the future of women’s sex-based rights, said she was verbally abused, “lunged at” and almost “punched in the face”, by a transwoman as she left the building.

She thanked university security staff for protecting her and said she was still considering whether to press charges.

Continue reading: https://www.scotsman.com/news/crime
/feminist-speaker-julie-bindel-attacked-by-transgender-person-at-edinburgh-university-after-talk-1-4942260
(source)

Editor’s note: The “Cathy Brennan” referred to in the article is not Cathy Brennan, the American lesbian lawyer.

U.K: Lesbian couple beaten up because they refused to kiss

Melania Geymonat (right) and her girlfriend Chris (left) were horrifically attacked when they refused to kiss for a gang of thugs’ entertainment on a London bus last week.

A lesbian couple have posted pictures of themselves covered in blood after a gang of thugs bashed them for not kissing for their entertainment.
Melania Geymonat, 28, of Uruguay, was on the bus with her American girlfriend Chris after an evening out in West Hampstead in the early hours of May 30.
Ms Geymonat, who lives in Essex, said the pair decided to sit at the front because they both enjoyed the novelty of a double-decker bus.
Then a gang of young men behind them saw they were a couple and started to demand they kiss while making crude sexual gestures.
“They wanted us to kiss so they could watch us,” she said.

Continue reading: https://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/real-life/stewardess-and-girlfriend-bashed-on-bus-because-they-refused-to-kiss-for-gang-of-yobbos/news-story/a9096d8ef7feec545fc701e15102df7c (source)

Update: Update: Five teens arrested in lesbophobic attack

India: Teenager beaten up and tied to a tree for being a lesbian

Odisha-map.jpg

A 19-year-old girl was beaten up and tied to a tree by residents of her village for being in a lesbian relationship, in Jagatsinghpur district on Friday. Sarmila Malla has been seeing a girl of the same village for the past six  months.

“We beat up and tied Sarmila to a tree in our village as she is a lesbian. She is immoral and has besmirched the name of our village,” said Ganesh Parida, a resident of Chandol.

On Saturday, the traumatised girl recounted the events of the previous day. “I was dragged out of my house by my neighbours. They beat me up and tied me to a tree. They abused and kicked me when my parents tried to rescue me,” Sarmila said.

Continue reading: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com
/city/bhubaneswar/odisha-girl-thrashed-tied-to-tree-for-being-in-same-sex-relationship/articleshow/69502055.cms?fbclid=IwAR1hzQge3aFZqYpcXBEsGSQ
hribZQ6sb330a6PHNpwnytCaSlf5B9YxuLMY
(source)

Mexico: assault and arson after lesbian bar owner refused sex with man

La Canita

That night, one of them told one of the owners that “if I did not have sex with him, I was going to destroy the place,” says the published testimony. She tried to evade him, but the client continued to harass her until she decided to respond that she was a lesbian. “I’m never going to sleep with you and I will not give you more drink,” he replied, according to the story. The men – she does not specify how many – then demanded more beer from the workers and when they were denied, they took them by force, assaulted them, broke bottles and beat other customers.

“We know it was hatred and not an economic motivation that prompted these people to attack us in the way they did. The complaint is filed in the MP and some human rights processes are also ongoing, “the publication said.
(Translated)

Esa noche, uno de ellos le dijo a una de las dueñas que “si no tenía sexo con él, iba a desmadrar el lugar”, dice el testimonio publicado. Ella trató de evadirlo, pero el cliente continuó acosándola hasta que ella decidió responder que era lesbiana. “Nunca me voy a acostar contigo y no te voy a dar más trago”, le respondió, según se lee en el relato. Los hombres —no precisa cuántos— exigieron entonces más cerveza a las trabajadoras y cuando se los negaron, las tomaron por la fuerza, las agredieron, rompieron botellas y golpearon a otros clientes.

“Sabemos que fue el odio y no una motivación económica lo que impulsó a estas personas a agredirnos en la manera que lo hicieron. La denuncia está levantada en el MP y algunos procesos de derechos humanos también están en curso”, indica la publicación.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.mexico.com/nuestras-causas/duenas-de-bar-lgbt-la-canita-denuncian-ataque-homofobico/ (Source)

Costa Rica: lesbian forced to wear dress then brutally murdered

Stephannye Paola Castro Mora

(November 2018)

Those who knew Steph [Stephannye Paola Castro Mora] said that she had a style of dress, and that she never wore dresses or skirts. Hence, the psychologist who has evaluated this case on account of the hatred with which her murderers tried to humiliate her before killing her, putting a dress on her. “In this particular case not only hate, intolerance and excessive anger toward the sexual orientation of the victim are denoted, but also the imposition of their own code and how he (or the murderers) think must express the sexuality of a woman (with a dress)” commented Ana Yancy Benavides. …
We are filled with rage at the murder of this young woman who worked as a security guard, a girl who was the target of deranged just because of her sexual orientation, because she did not fulfil the heterosexual and feminine “codes” that the lesbophobes wanted to see in them.
(Translated)

Los que conocían a Steph decían que tenía un estilo muy propio de vestir, y que jamás usaba vestidos ni faldas. De ahí que la psicóloga que ha evaluado este caso de cuenta del odio con el que sus asesinos intentaron humillarla antes de matarla, poniéndole un vestido. “En este caso particular no solo se denotan odio, intolerancia y enojo desmedido hacia la orientación sexual de la víctima, sino también la imposición de su propio código y como él (o los asesinos) piensan debe expresarse la sexualidad de una mujer (con un vestido)”, comentó Ana Yancy Benavides. …
Nos llena de rabia el asesinato de esta joven mujer que trabajaba como guardia de seguridad, una chica que fue el blanco de desquiciados sólo por su orientación sexual, por no cumplir los “códigos” heterosexuales y femeninos que los lesbófobos querían ver en ellas.
(Original)

Continue reading at: http://www.mirales.es/asesinan-a-una-chica-lesbiana-e-intentan-humillarla-poniendole-un-vestido/ (Source)

Spain: two men jailed for assaulting lesbian couple for kissing

Spain

The Provincial Court of Barcelona has ratified six month prison sentence that a criminal court in Barcelona imposed on two men who insulted and assaulted two lesbian women because they kissed in public in a cafeteria. The sentence, which has been made public this Saturday by the SER Chain and which is appealable to the Supreme Court, considers it “evident” that it was “a hate crime due to gender prejudice.” The events occurred in October 2016 in a cafeteria located at the confluence of Vía Laietana with Plaza Urquinaona in Barcelona when the two men recriminated the two women because they were kissing, they showed them their testicles and one of them also punched a one of the two victims, which for the judges constitutes a hate crime and another one of injuries.
(Translated)

La Audiencia de Barcelona ha ratificado los seis meses de cárcel que un juzgado de lo penal de Barcelona impuso a dos hombres que insultaron y agredieron a dos mujeres lesbianas porque éstas se besaban en público en una cafetería. La sentencia, que ha hecho pública este sábado la Cadena SER y que es recurrible al Tribunal Supremo, considera “evidente” que se trató de “un delito de odio por prejuicios de género”. Los hechos ocurrieron en octubre 2016 en una cafetería situada en la confluencia de la Vía Laietana con la Plaza Urquinaona de Barcelona cuando los dos hombres recriminaron a las dos mujeres porque se estaban besando, les enseñaron los testículos y uno de ellos también pegó un puñetazo a una de las dos víctimas, lo que para los jueces constituye un delito de odio y otro más de lesiones.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.diaridetarragona.com/catalunya/Carcel-para-dos-hombres-que-agredieron-a-dos-lesbianas-por-besarse-20190430-0074.html (Source)

U.K: Brothers murdered lesbian after homophobic abuse report

glenda

Two brothers have been found guilty of stabbing a woman to death after she reported a homophobic attack by a group they were linked to.
Glenda Jackson was found in a blood-soaked hallway at flats in Grayson Mews, Birkenhead, on 30 September 2018.
Prosecutor Gordon Cole QC said she had called police at 01:44 and told the 999 operator she had been subjected to homophobic abuse and suffered facial injuries.
She told attending officers she had been attacked by the people in a flat where the Curtis brothers had been sleeping and was recorded on a body-cam stating that her attackers had told her if she “dared do anything she would be killed”.

Continue reading: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-merseyside-48092027 (source)

Guatemala: two lesbians murdered for being lesbian

Guatemala

Source: Ontheworldmap.com

On Wednesday, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Guatemala condemned the murder of two women in the municipality of Jalapa, 99 kilometers east of the capital, on which there was a “lesbophobic” message.
(Translated)

La Oficina de la Alta Comisionada de la ONU para los Derechos Humanos en Guatemala condenó este miércoles el asesinato de dos mujeres en el municipio de Jalapa, a 99 kilómetros al este de la capital, sobre las que había un mensaje “lesbofóbico”.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.elespanol.com/mundo/20190424/asesinan-mujeres-guatemala-lesbianas/393460855_0.html (Source)