Tag Archives: murder of lesbian

Lesbian creates Argentinian hate crime map of lesbophobia

 

The lesbophobia hate crime map

Every March 7, Lesbian Visibility Day is celebrated in Argentina. The date was chosen in memory of 27 year old Natalia “La Pepa” Gaitán, who was killed by her girlfriend’s stepfather on March 7 2010.

The story of “La Pepa” is a standard for Argentine lesbian activism because it showed how far hate can go. Today, her smiling face is stamped on flags and t-shirts.

Paula E. (as she is identified online) is a Social Work student who has been working in the systems area of ​​a company for 10 years. Lesbian and an activist, last year she noticed that many cases of violence against her community went unnoticed in the media and were somewhat forgotten by activism as well.

“I also saw that among heterosexual people there is a perception that lesbians do not suffer violence, that they do not violate us and that because of the Argentinian laws, we have no more problems,” she explains.

But changes in laws are not enough to end the violence.

Paula knows it well: all the time, stories come from other lesbians who are assaulted, discriminated against or verbally abused.

“That’s why I came up with the idea of ​​the map, to keep track and help make the cases visible,” she tells us.
(Translated)

 

Cada 7 de marzo, se celebra en Argentina el Día de la Visibilidad Lésbica. La fecha fue elegida en recuerdo de Natalia “La Pepa” Gaitán, quien a los 27 años fue asesinada por el padrastro de su novia, el 7 de marzo de 2010.

La historia de “La Pepa” es estandarte para la militancia lesbiana argentina porque desnudó cuán lejos puede llegar el odio. Hoy, su cara sonriente está estampada en banderas y camisetas.

Paula E. (así se identifica ella en sus redes) es estudiante de Trabajo Social y hace 10 años que trabaja en el área de sistemas de una empresa. Lesbiana y activista, el año pasado notó que muchos casos de violencia hacia su comunidad pasaban desapercibidos en los medios y quedaban algo olvidados por la militancia.

“También veía que entre las personas heterosexuales hay una percepción de que las lesbianas no sufrimos violencia, que no nos violentan y que con las leyes que hay acá en Argentina no tenemos más problemas”, explica.

Pero los cambios en las leyes no alcanzan para terminar con la violencia.

Paula lo sabe bien: todo el tiempo, le llegan historias de otras lesbianas que son agredidas, discriminadas o insultadas.

“Por eso se me ocurrió la idea del mapa, para llevar un registro y ayudar a visibilizar los casos”, nos cuenta.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.playgroundmag.net/comunidad/mapa-crimenes-odio-lesbianas-argentina_48632290.html (Source)

When a lesbian dies: the search for justice for Nicole Saavedra and DJ Anna Cook

DJ Anna Cook Nicole Saavedra

We talk about lesbicide when a lesbian is killed for being so. In our society, loving a woman as a woman is one of the greatest insults to masculinity shown by corrective sexual harassment, rapes that serve as a “warning”, and coexistence with mandatory heterosexuality that repeatedly urges you to stay in the closet. Visibility is the political point that links them: Nicole and Anna were visible lesbians, and they pose the question: did they die because they were lesbians?

Francisca Millán is a lawyer specialising in human rights and gender. Partner of the AML study, which is dedicated exclusively to the defence of women in cases involving gender violence. Her project offers a feminist perspective to realise the right of access to justice. Millán affirms that women are violated in the Chilean legal system. In this scenario, being a lesbian is a direct and very specific affront.

“Lesbianism, from hegemonic masculinity, is a resistance to the social order, because I do not submit to heteropatriarchal logic, I am out of it, and I am not willing to occupy that role,” Millán explains.

Crimes that directly affect lesbians for being lesbian are lesbicide (murder of a lesbian)  and corrective rape (rape of a lesbian in order to “correct her”). They do not exist as such in the Chilean penal code, but, according to Millán, mixing the base crimes with the Zamudio Law, they can be put forward as hate crimes.

“Crimes of this nature express a lot of power, and show that there is an exercise of subjugation with respect to others. That is quite common in the case of lesbians: what more obvious way to subjugate a woman who is a lesbian than to force her to practice oral sex, ”says the lawyer.

Carmina Vásquez is a lawyer. She is part of the Lesbofeminist Network, an articulator of organizations whose purpose is to form support networks for lesbians. Their venture, Chueca Bar, will open soon – a lesbian bar that wants to be a safe space within a very hostile city.

“This has been a tough year. There is the case of Carolina Torres (beaten in Pudahuel), we recently learned about violent girls in the Forest Park. That scares you, it happens at five in the afternoon, and it happens in the places where we meet,” she explains. For her, there is a social punishment for being a lesbian, coupled with being a woman. “These crimes of lesbo-hate go hand in hand with sexual issues under the premise of the “I am going to teach you” type. We talk about corrective violations, which also target a specific type of lesbian: the truck [butch], who defies heteronormal roles”, she says.

The first recorded and investigated lesophobia crime is that of Mónica Briones, beaten to death in one of the corners of Plaza Italia in 1984. The case accelerated the formation of the first lesbian feminist collective in Chile, Ayuquelén, which existed for 15 years.

“In the year 84, when they killed Monica, it lead to our broad understanding of what happened to us all, the discrimination we were living. But there is no current reflection on hate crimes as they are understood today, ”says Cecilia Riquelme, one of its founders, who last Saturday October 12 participated in the Day of Lesbian Rebellion, in Valparaíso.(Translated)

Hablamos de lesbicidio cuando se mata a una lesbiana por serlo. En nuestra sociedad, amar a una mujer, siendo mujer, es una de las afrentas que más hiere a la masculinidad. Desde un acoso sexual correctivo, hasta violaciones que sirven de “advertencia”, y la convivencia con la heterosexualidad obligatoria que, muchas veces, te insta a permanecer en “el clóset”. De ahí que la visibilidad sea la herramienta política que las vincula: Nicole y Anna eran lesbianas “visibles”, y plantean la pregunta: ¿murieron por ser lesbianas?

Francisca Millán es abogada especializada en DD.HH. y género. Socia del estudio AML, que se dedica exclusivamente a la defensa de mujeres en causas que involucran violencia de género. Su proyecto ofrece una perspectiva feminista para materializar el derecho del acceso a la justicia. Millán afirma que las mujeres son vulneradas en el sistema legal chileno. En este escenario, ser lesbiana es una afrenta directa y muy específica.

“El lesbianismo, desde la masculinidad hegemónica, es una revelación al orden social, porque yo no me someto a las lógicas heteropatriarcales, estoy por fuera de ello, y no estoy dispuesta a ocupar esos roles”, explica Millán.

Delitos que afectarían directamente a lesbianas por el hecho de serlo sería el lesbicidio, el asesinato a una lesbiana, y la violación correctiva, la violación a una lesbiana con el fin de “corregirla”. No existen como tales en el código penal chileno, pero, de acuerdo a Millán, mezclando los delitos base con la Ley Zamudio, pueden relevarse los motores de odio.

“Los delitos de esta naturaleza tienen mucha expresión de poder, y demuestran que existe este ejercicio de sometimiento respecto de otras. Eso es algo bastante común en el caso de las mujeres lesbianas: qué forma más evidente de someter a una mujer que es lesbiana que obligarla a practicar sexo oral”, comenta la abogada.

Carmina Vásquez es abogada. Integra la Red lesbofeminista, una articuladora de organizaciones cuyo fin es formar redes de apoyo para las lesbianas. Su emprendimiento, Chueca Bar, abrirá pronto, un bar para lesbianas que quiere ser un espacio seguro dentro de una ciudad muy hostil.

“Este ha sido un año duro. Está el caso de Carolina Torres (golpeada en Pudahuel), hace poco supimos de chicas violentadas en el Parque Forestal. Eso te da miedo, pasa a las cinco de la tarde, y pasa en los lugares donde nos reunimos”, explica. Para ella, existe un castigo social al ser lesbiana, sumado al de ser mujer. “Estos crímenes de lesbo-odio van aparejados a temas sexuales bajo la premisa del yo te voy a enseñar. Hablamos de violaciones correctivas, que además se dirigen a un tipo específico de lesbiana: la camiona, que se sale de la heteronorma”, dice.

El primer crimen de lesbofobia registrado e investigado es el de Mónica Briones, asesinada a golpes en una de las esquinas de Plaza Italia el año 1984. El caso aceleró la formación de la primera colectiva lesbofeminista en Chile, Ayuquelén, que funcionó durante 15 años.

“El año 84, cuando matan a Mónica, se generó una reflexión amplia respecto de lo que nos pasaba a todas, la discriminación que vivíamos. Pero no hay una reflexión puntual sobre los crímenes de odio como son entendidos hoy en día”, dice Cecilia Riquelme, una de sus fundadoras, que el pasado sábado 12 de octubre participó del Día de las rebeldías lésbicas, en Valparaíso.
(Original)

Excerpts from Romina Reyes’ article.
Continue reading at: https://www.theclinic.cl/2019/10/16/cuando-muere-una-lesbiana-la-busqueda-de-justicia-para-nicole-saavedra-y-anna-cook/ (Source)

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Update: Arrest finally made over young lesbian Nicole Saavedra’s 2016 rape and murder

Nicole Saavedra 2

The Valparaíso Prosecutor’s Office has confirmed that an individual was arrested as for the kidnapping, rape and murder of young lesbian Nicole Saavedra, who was found dead on June 25, 2016, after having disappeared on the 18th of the same month in Quillota [Chile].

Víctor Alejandro Pulgar Vidal, micro driver of the El Melón-Limache route, was identified by the Investigative Police (PDI), and charges will be formalised in the Quillota Guarantee Court on November 13 2019 at 8:40 am.

[prosecutor Claudia] Perivancich also said that Pulgar is already serving a sentence “of ten years and one day, for the rape of a minor, with another rape charge underway”, also of a minor.

For her part, Saavedra’s cousin, María Francisca Bahamondes, said on Facebook that “after a long struggle of more than three years, where I had to chain myself to the National Prosecutor’s Office to be heard, where we took over the Prosecutor’s Office of Quillota, after a tireless and painful fight, I want to tell you that we found Nicole’s killer, the damn bastard is Víctor Alejandro Pulgar Vidal, driver of the Guerra commercial micro. Bahamondes family, we did it!”
(Translated)
La Fiscalía de Valparaíso confirmó que se detuvo a un sindicado individuo … como el autor de los delitos de secuestro y violación con homicidio de Nicole Saavedra, la joven lesbiana, que fue encontrada muerta el 25 de junio de 2016, tras haber desaparecido el 18 del mismo mes en Quillota.

Se trata de Víctor Alejandro Pulgar Vidal, chofer de micro del recorrido El Melón-Limache, quien fue identificado por la Policía de Investigaciones (PDI), quien será formalizado el próximo 13 de noviembre a las 8:40 en el Tribunal de Garantía de Quillota.

Perivancich también afirmó que Pulgar ya se encuentra cumpliendo una condena, “de diez años y un día, por el delito de violación de menor de edad. Actualmente también cursa un proceso criminal en su contra, también por el delito de violación” de otra persona, menor de 18 años.

Por su parte, la prima de Saavedra, María Francisca Bahamondes, sostuvo en su cuenta de Facebook que “después de más de tres años de una larga lucha, donde tuve que encadenarme en Fiscalía Nacional para ser escuchada, donde nos tomamos la Fiscalía de Quillota, tras una incansable y dolorosa lucha, quiero decirles que encontramos al asesino de Nicole, el maldito desgraciado es Víctor Alejandro Pulgar Vidal, chofer de la micro comercial Guerra. Familia Bahamondes, lo logramos!”.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.eldesconcierto.cl/2019/10/16/fiscalia-formalizara-a-presunto-autor-del-crimen-lesbofobico-contra-nicole-saavedra/ (Source)

Original article: Chile: three years after her lesbicide, still no justice for Nicole Saavedra

Additional links:

International Lesbian Day: Monica Briones – The woman killed in dictatorship, that inspires the Day of Lesbian Visibility

monica-brioness.png

The brutal murder of the 34-year-old painter and sculptor became a mystery to justice. In parallel, for organizations the figure of the artist has become a source of inspiration to boost the fight for lesbian rights. More than three decades after the crime, activism accuses that the hatred and injustices that haunted the death of women remain as present as before. This July 9, the lesbian feminist groups will make a request to the Monuments Council to install a memorial in the place where she was killed.

Bold, talented and bold, they are the adjectives that are most repeated when asked about Monica Briones Puccio. “A woman ahead of her time,” they will say here and there. Owner of an outstanding talent for painting and sculpture, an innate artist who became one of the most relevant figures for the lesbian movement in Chile.

Monica was a proud lesbian, with a masculine gender expression and decided to face her sexual orientation at a very young age, opening the door – possibly – to the greatest violence and oppressions she would live later, even in the family. But the truth is that in 1984, in full dictatorship, at 34, Monica lived life with passion and was the protagonist of intense love relationships that would mark her.

Two days after her birthday, on July 9, while she was retiring from the last of several celebrations, at the exit of the Jaque Mate bar and while waiting for the bus to return home, the painter was beaten to death. His attacker kicked her on the ground until her skull fractured.

The story of Monica Briones has inspired television reports, a chronicle of Pedro Lemebel, plays and even a movie. Thus, more than three decades after his death, the artist’s memory has remained in force in the memory of those who have empathized with the case.

“A creative and different woman,” titled a magazine of the time with a small profile of the artist. There she confessed, probably to an insistent journalist: “I have not married because it would take time from my art.”

In that same article he sentenced that he was not afraid of death, because he knew he would die young.

(Translated)

El brutal homicidio de la pintora y escultora de 34 años se convirtió en un misterio para la justicia. En paralelo, para las organizaciones la figura de la artista se ha transformado en una fuente de inspiración para impulsar la lucha por los derechos de las lesbianas. A más de tres décadas del crimen, el activismo acusa que el odio y las injusticias que rondaron la muerte de la mujer siguen tan presentes como antes. Este 9 de julio, las agrupaciones lesbofeministas harán ingreso de una solicitud al Consejo de Monumentos para instalar un memorial en el lugar donde fue asesinada. Esta es su historia.

Atrevida, talentosa y audaz, son los adjetivos que más se repiten al preguntar por Mónica Briones Puccio. “Una mujer adelantada a su época”, dirán aquí y allá. Dueña de un talento descollante para la pintura y la escultura, una artista innata que se convirtió en una de las figuras más relevantes para el movimiento lésbico en Chile.

Mónica era una lesbiana orgullosa, con expresión de género masculina y decidió enfrentar su orientación sexual a muy corta edad, abriendo la puerta -posiblemente- a las mayores violencias y opresiones que viviría después, incluso en el seno familiar. Pero lo cierto es que en 1984, en plena dictadura, a sus 34 años, Mónica vivía la vida con pasión y era protagonista de intensas relaciones amorosas que la marcarían.

A dos días de su cumpleaños, un 9 de julio, mientras se retiraba de la última de varias celebraciones, a la salida del bar Jaque Mate y mientras esperaba la micro para volver a su casa, la pintora fue golpeada hasta la muerte. Su atacante la pateó en el suelo hasta que su cráneo se fracturó.

La historia de Mónica Briones ha inspirado reportajes televisivos, una crónica de Pedro Lemebel, obras de teatro y hasta una película. Así, a más de tres décadas de su muerte, el recuerdo de la artista se ha mantenido vigente en la memoria de quienes han empatizado con el caso.

“Una mujer creativa y distinta”, tituló una revista de la época con una pequeña semblanza de la artista. Allí ella confesó, probablemente a un insistente periodista: “No me he casado porque quitaría tiempo a mi arte”.

En ese mismo artículo sentenció que no le temía a la muerte, porque sabía que moriría joven.

(Original)

Continue reading: https://www.eldesconcierto.cl/2019/07/09/el-recuerdo-insistente-de-monica-briones-la-mujer-asesinada-en-dictadura-que-inspira-el-dia-de-la-visibilidad-lesbica/ (source)

 

 

Chile: mother denounces unsolved 2017 rape and murder of lesbian daughter DJ Anna Cook

Ana María Villarroel

The death of Ana María Villarroel was recorded on August 2, 2017 inside the house she shared on Tranquila Street in Providencia. From that day her mother has said that her death occurred under “unclear” circumstances.

Villarroel, better known as Anna Cook, worked as a DJ at various parties. According to Kattia González – mother of the young woman – many people think that her daughter died as a result of an overdose, however, this week it was revealed that the 2017 Legal Medical Service (SML) results had shown that she was raped, strangled and beaten to the point of five broken ribs.

“My daughter Ana María was a lesbian, that everyone knows and knew. There is no way she has consciously or unconsciously messed with a man, there is no chance,” she said. In addition, she added that with the information provided he does not seek to blame anyone for the death of his daughter, “but it is clear that she did not die of an overdose”.
(translated)

 

La muerte de Ana María Villarroel se registró el 2 de agosto de 2017 al interior de la vivienda que compartía en la calle Tranquila en Providencia. Desde aquel día que su madre asegura que su fallecimiento se produjo bajo circunstancias “poco claras”.

Villarroel, más conocida como Anna Cook, se desempeñaba como DJ en diversas fiestas. De acuerdo a Kattia González -madre de la joven- muchas personas piensan que su hija falleció producto de una sobredosis, sin embargo, esta semana reveló que los resultados del Servicio Médico Legal (SML) indican que fue violada, estrangulada y golpeada hasta el punto de quebrarle cinco costillas.

“Mi hija Ana María era lesbiana, eso todo el mundo lo sabe y lo sabía. No existe forma de que ella se haya metido consciente o inconscientemente con un hombre, no hay ninguna posibilidad”, aseguró. Además, añadió que con la información entregada no busca culpar a nadie de la muerte de su hija, “pero es claro que ella no murió de una sobredosis”.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.pagina7.cl/notas/actualidad/2019/09/28/madre-denuncio-el-asesinato-y-violacion-de-su-hija-dj-han-pasado-dos-anos-y-aun-no-hay-detenidos.shtml (Source)

Additional information: When a lesbian dies: the search for justice for Nicole Saavedra and DJ Anna Cook

Italy: Elisa Pomarelli killed twice: as a woman and as a lesbian

Elisa Pomarelli

September 2019
A few hours after Massimo Sebastiani’s confession, 45 years old from the Piacenza hinterland, the grim murder of Elisa Pomarelli, 28, takes on painfully clear outlines.

The umpteenth femicide, due to the entirely patriarchal inability of the Italian male to accept a refusal, is further aggravated, appearing as violence linked to the victim’s sexual orientation.

According to the Corriere Della Sera in fact, Dayana, a friend of poor Elisa, had warned Sebastiani: “Elisa is only interested in women”.

Elisa Pomarelli killed twice: as a woman and as a homosexual.
(Translated)

A poche ore dalla confessione di Massimo Sebastiani, 45 enne dell’entroterra Piacentino, il truce assassinio di Elisa Pomarelli, 28 anni, assume contorni dolorosamente chiari.

L’ennesimo femminicidio, dovuto all’incapacitá tutta patriarcale del maschio italiano di accettare un rifiuto, si aggrava ulteriormente, configurandosi come una violenza legata anche all’orientamento sessuale della vittima.

Secondo il Corriere Della Sera infatti, Dayana, amica della povera Elisa, aveva avvertito il Sebastiani: “Elisa prova interesse solo per le donne“.

Elisa Pomarelli uccisa due volte: in quanto donna ed in quanto omosessuale.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.gay.it/attualita/news/elisa-pomarelli-uccisa-perche-omosessuale (Source)

U.S: Lesbian artist raped and killed during home invasion

tea_liger.jpg

Anthony Laquan Goss, 28, faces charges in the death of 21-year-old Te’a Denise Liger, according to Atlanta police.

Two men forced three people, including Liger, into an apartment at Vesta Adams Park Apartments on Delowe Drive around 6 a.m. on Aug. 21, according to police. The men robbed and assaulted the victims, including sexually assaulting Liger. She was shot to death and the other victims, a man and a woman, received non-life-threatening injuries, according to police.

Goss was booked into the Fulton County Jail on Aug. 23 on charges of kidnapping, rape and felony murder. He remains in custody.

Continue reading: https://www.projectq.us/atlanta
/LGBTQ_artist_raped_killed_in_Southwest
_Atlanta_home_invasion
(source)

U.K: Man who killed lesbian for refusing to have sex with him, jailed for life

jodi.jpg

A killer who savagely murdered a woman in an ‘explosive rage’ after she refused to have sex with him has been jailed for life.

Karar Ali Karar, 29, stabbed Jodi Miller, 21, with a kitchen knife 15 times to the head and body to ‘teach her a lesson’ after she repeatedly rejected his sexual advances in a Leeds flat.

Continue reading: https://metro.co.uk/2019/08/16/killer-stabbed-woman-21-to-death-in-explosive-rage-after-she-refused-sex-10579245/ (source)

Lesbian Mother, Natalie Crichlow, Dies After Being Set Alight In Barbados

natalie.jpeg

The family of a British mother who died after being doused with a flammable substance and set alight as she lay in bed in Barbados say they are “shocked and devastated” by her death.

Luton-born Natalie Crichlow, 44, was visiting family in the West Indies when she was attacked by an unknown intruder in a bedroom.

The mother-of-three, who had survived cancer twice and had two strokes in the past decade, was on a trip to help look after her disabled brother when she was attacked at his home in Christ Church on July 28.

Continue reading: https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk
/entry/british-mother-dies-barbados_uk_5d545ac9e4b0cfeed1a7a92d
(source)

Gofundme to get Natalie’s body home to Britain: https://www.gofundme.com/
f/NatalieCrichlow-Justice

Mexico: possible lesbophobia behind murder of multiple Ciudad Juárez women

Ellas tienen nombre They have a name

Ellas Tienen Nombre map of femicides

Ivonne Ramírez explained that she discovered the connections by seeking information about the victims to upload their cases to the monitoring and mapping project with which she seeks to show that the problem of femicide is still present and occurs in all sectors of Ciudad Juárez.

As part of her daily monitoring, the activist found at least eight lesbian or bisexual women who have been murdered between 2018 and 2019, including three from the first group.

“We do not know if these (cases) refer to hate crimes for double misogyny, for being women and for being lesbians, among other causes,” said the activist.

According to data from the State Attorney General’s Office (FGE) in the North Zone, the number of women killed has been increasing every year since 2015, when 54 people were killed, while in 2016 there were 57, in 2017 they added 96, in 2018 they They registered 105 and so far this year there have already been 91 women killed.
(Translated)
Ivonne Ramírez explicó que descubrió las conexiones al buscar información sobre las víctimas para subir sus casos al proyecto de monitoreo y mapeo con el que busca visibilizar que la problemática del feminicidio sigue presente y ocurre en todos los sectores de Ciudad Juárez.

Como parte de su monitoreo diario, la activista encontró al menos ocho mujeres lesbianas o bisexuales que han sido asesinadas entre 2018 y 2019, entre ellas tres del primer grupo.

“No sabemos si estos (casos) refieren crímenes de odio por doble misoginia, por ser mujeres y por ser lesbianas, entre otras causantes”, señaló al respecto la activista.

Según datos de la Fiscalía General del Estado (FGE) en la Zona Norte, el número de mujeres asesinada va en ascenso cada año desde 2015, cuando fueron victimadas 54 personas, mientras que en 2016 fueron 57, en 2017 sumaron 96, en 2018 se registraron 105 y en lo que va del año ya han sido 91 mujeres asesinadas.
(Original)

La cartografía digital de feminicidios – The digital mapping of femicides

Ellas Tienen Nombre – They Have a Name

Continue reading at: https://diario.mx/juarez/descubren-relacion-entre-mujeres-asesinadas-desde-2017-20190804-1547198.html (Source)

Russia: Lesbian activist murdered in St Petersburg

yelena.jpg

The body of a 41-year-old woman was found in bushes near her home in the city on Sunday, local police said.

Relatives and friends later named the victim as Yelena Grigoryeva, Russian news website Fontanka reports.

Ms Grigoryeva, who had reportedly received death threats, regularly campaigned for human rights in Russia.

In a post on Facebook on Monday, activist Dinar Idrisov said his friend Ms Grigoryeva had been “brutally killed near her home”.

“She had recently been the victim of violence and death threats,” he wrote, adding that she had filed several complaints with the police.

Continue reading: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49081626 (source)

Chile: The Red Zone: A place where butch lesbians live in fear

chile.png

Three mysterious deaths and dozens of violent attacks on butch lesbians, or camionas, have put lesbians in Chile’s Fifth region on red alert.

“We call the Fifth region Chile’s red zone for lesbians because of María, Nicole and Susana,” says Karen Vergara. “There are many other attacks. Not as brutal or fatal as these but enough to land lesbians – especially camionas – in hospital. “We as lesbians are always on red alert in this town [Quillota]. Day and night, 24 hours a day 365 days a year. We feel under threat. As soon as you step out of your home you are in danger.

Continue reading: https://www.bbc.com/news/stories-48719453 (source)

Update: Update: Arrest finally made over young lesbian Nicole Saavedra’s 2016 rape and murder

Chile: three years after her lesbicide, still no justice for Nicole Saavedra

Nicole Saavedra

 

Three years after her death, relatives, friends and women’s organizations together with LGBT collectives, demand that the Court criminalize the murder of Nicole Saavedra as a hate crime for lesbicide. The action is part of a series of activities coordinated at the national level in the framework of the so-called Month of Lesbian Visibility, which is commemorated each year by remembering lesbian women victims of lesbophobic violence where there is still no justice. … Nicole’s body was found on June 25, 2016 in Los Aromos Reservoir in Limache, with clear signs of having been tortured. Since the fateful date, those responsible for the crime have not yet been found.
(Translated)

(Original)

 

Continue reading at: https://m.elmostrador.cl/braga/2019/06/18/tres-anos-sin-justicia-para-nicole-saavedra-la-joven-asesinada-por-su-orientacion-sexual/ (Source)

Update: Update: Arrest finally made over young lesbian Nicole Saavedra’s 2016 rape and murder

I carry a list of their names

Mersiha

Mersiha (left) (Image courtesy of Dr Danica Anderson, with Mersiha’s permission)

 

A guest post by Dr Danica Anderson

I carry a list of their names

I will name her Mersiha for purposes of protection.

She must have been standing by the tall war weary grey and riddled with bullets apartment building. Otherwise, she would not have been able to unexpectedly show up in Sana Koric’s photo shop located on the ground floor of the building.

The door swung open making the bell ring out aggressively.  My back was to her – it is a shield to pitch away the spewing incoherent words that came out her mouth.

It felt strange with Sana standing at her register smoking on her cigarette as if the door being ripped open violently was normal. It was even stranger with Sana calmly greeting her as she would any customer or person- you know the typical question ‘how are you’ but didn’t want to be bothered with any answer.

Sana’s response made me turned around to look at intruder.  For a moment, I thought I didn’t hear the spewing incoherent words.  But, Mersiha’s agitation was shown with her arms raised and flaying with no apparent target. Somewhere in that moment her eyes locked with mine despite her being imprisoned in her mental illness tirade.   Mersiha saw I was listening intently to all she said and all her movements without fear.

I could not but help to see her and this registered deeply upon her.

But, I was questioning internally how this forgotten invisible woman is smothered with precursory greetings and ignored.  I wondered hasn’t there been someone who was questioning and curious about her life and how she got into a state.  I know in the aftermath of war, the small town- Novi Travnik being invisible meant everyone walks by her as if she did not exist.  Or murder her for being lesbian.

By seeing and listening to her, I discovered her collection of spewed incoherent sentences are underlined with an intelligence.

Abruptly, she said, “you do not live here….. I can talk to you”.

In that one extremely touching statement she said to me pointed unquestionably to the fact she was shunned and swirled in an ocean of silence.

I was vulnerably placed in the bearing witness mode in an instant.

I, also, knew if Mersiha could respond to me in those few moments a healing social collective would provide the environment for this woman to accept the trauma she experienced and still endures.

I hesitate with medications since I knew she certainly did not get any with the humanitarian aid agencies nor the money to have meds consistently. My internal witness was chattering that I had no medications to give only my clinical assessment and being a sister to women in need.   I already witnessed how lesbians are prescribed more anti-depressants and anti- psychotics which in all likelihood created the mental illnesses in the male medical model[1].  The male medical model is a pathologization another form swearing allegiances for patriarchal authority that rally to save normal[2] as heterosexual.

I knew to expect the unexpected in the region that experienced 100 years of war. Basically, I am in a war zone that never ends the hate and violence.  I knew from so many experiences in the killing fields across the globe that knowing their hidden truth can be very costly especially when their hidden truth is liberated.

I learned in each of these experiences that it’s critical to illustrate the importance of bearing witness especially in environments of hate and violence.  It allows the survivors to struggle with a vocabulary and relate their herstories to those who stand ready to hear their hidden truth.

I am not talking about testimonies either. Many war women crimes and war survivors encountered the modern day courts and rule of law call for testimony, a word that has its origins of males swearing on their testicles for their allegiances in patriarchal rule[3].  Given the patriarchal and manmade law there is no room for women’s breasts of nurturance and wombs to birth their narratives in order to complete the process of their survival.  Her life story is incapable of being repossessed and reclaimed.

The result is that the women survivors live in a dangerous hideout unable to leave and unable to have a coherent, integrated narrative of what happened and continues to happen for her.  Women survivors are erased and made invisible in the testimonies since they are without testicles to prove their truths of realities are self-evident.

I looked at Sana standing at her register steadily smoking.  I thought of the some twenty Bosnian Muslim women war crimes and war survivors I work with in Novi Travnik.   The female social collective is inherent with those women but many were uneducated, older women who lived through WWII and the Balkan War who are certainly strongly steeped in Bosnian male dogma for testicles swearing allegiances.

Sana’s coolly smoking her cigarette and warm greetings to her enables a silence that in the end kills female social collective solidarity.   The killing silence is a jailer that has thrown away the keys to the cage. No matter of support, love and care is nurtured and if done it is in a repressed underground passive behavior.  My own hidden truth and that of the Bosnian female social collective I work with and love dearly are, also, complicit in this killing silence of women who are mentally and/or physically broken down.

It is more than that, I would discover later after hearing Mersiha’s story from Sana that “she was a crazed lesbian woman”.  I cringed when Sana spoke of what happened to her during the Balkan War.  I asked Sana why it matters that this woman is a lesbian when the violence towards women includes all daughters.

To remain authentic to myself and for these Bosnian women war crimes and war survivors I worked on their interpretation because it invariably plays a decisive formative role in who one comes to be, and in how a person lives their own life.  The so-called crazed woman according to the women war crimes and war survivors, the woman I encountered in Sana’s photo shop became untouchable – a lesbian that was not allow her to experience the traumatic events in her life without a witness, or her internal witness and she became trapped and warped in mental incapacities.

It matters because the murdering of lesbians sets an environment of terrorization for all women. We have mothers and their lesbian daughters who desperately want their daughters’ sexual agency quiet and unheard of to avoid the courts and rule of law call for testimony.    Women need to go deeper given that the alibi or being repatriated back home is the absence of death.  It is a quality of knowledge about their traumatic experiences and its relationship to struggle with death anxiety. In the end, it means being an insincere witness to themselves and her. We are unable to witness the violence in silencing lesbian’s reality of living in a world of hate.

To this day no one would want to publicly admit Mersiha is lesbian, it is for a very good reason.   Of the few lesbians I have met outside of Sarajevo city, the rural regions have many lesbians who have disappeared or camouflaged themselves. The same alibi is given when I ask where she is.  The universal response is – she has been repatriated back home.

The lesbians I searched for are the ‘disappeared’ and most likely murdered and tortured and raped.

I carry the names of lesbians asking authorities (all male by the way) – where did these women go?  Novi Travnik’s mayor, a short man in his early fifties told me right after I heatedly stated that these women have disappeared, “I knew we were in recovery when Novi Travnik had a beauty salon.  Maybe she will come back and get her hair done.”   I will spare you the expletives in my response to him.  But, I did say sramota- shame on you.

I ask the towns’ people randomly about the names of women who have gone missing.   The same response is given.   I walk away with bowed shoulders and in the beginning I would cry but now my female rage, a social justice burns ferociously.

Sana told me Mersiha and her partner traveled to many places before the war.   During the Balkan war Sana reported her partner left – abandoned her.   It was then, she had a break from reality.

Mersiha left her apartment and the door open.   Since it was war the entire apartment was ransacked.  Sana did not know where she went only that she was in town.   I took this to mean she lived on the streets.  It is unknown how her days were spent during the war and up until the time I encountered her in 2004.

After Mersiha left Sana’s photo office, I turned to Sana asking how the women I have come to know allow this happen.   I said to make this right, she needs Kolo Sumejia- a social collective and let’s work on that and see about getting her a place to live.  Of course, it was more of a demand.

I have a female rage shrouded with female social justice which set up my bravery to ask the small group of elderly women I work with to nurture and heal.  I knew I was shaming them- rather I was holding the women accountable for our killing silence which is painful for them and me.

Within few years, I returned to Novi Travnik and there Mersiha was sitting on a bench with an older woman, a friend who now share their apartment together.   While it was not a Lesbian partnership it was woman to woman, a female social justice that the women war crimes and war survivors in Novi Travnik do under the radar of male dominated society.

She smiled at me and waved her hand for me to come over to the bench.  I walked over and could not help smiling.   She introduced me to her friend saying she is better and on medications.   I turned to leave and she touched my arm.   I turned back and she said, you knew I existed.  You listened.

She is the only lesbian I found alive on my list of names.  I realized the female social collective did not give me an alibi – ‘repatriated back home’ when I asked after her.   I still ask about the other names on my list but it’s been over 18 years now.

What I learned after decades treating trauma across the globe is that I can’t change the world, erase the killing silences or save everyone.   My small act, my one response to witness and listen to one woman rippled into a female social collective that ended up healing her and many others.   I know it is only one name out of my list of names, one encounter and a dialogue that powerfully heals the experiences from those who have been victimized or subjected to it but, I heard a deeper truth not the killing silence or that alibi that she has been repatriated back home.

 

Bosnian Female Collective; a Human Geography

In Novi Travnik[4], Bosnia Herzegovina, I created the female social collective with the Bosnian women war crimes and war survivors.  The women named the social collective Kolo[5] Sumejia.  Sumejia is from the Quran, a female martyr.  The Ahmica-Vitez grandmothers and the Kolo Sumejia are the female social collectives where I would learn how they heal trauma and witness their grief and our own grief at the same time.

Only a few kilometers away from Novi Travnik is the village Ahmica-Vitez, the site of war crimes. Similar to Novi Travnik, a street divides the Ahmica Muslim enclave from the Croatians[6].  150 elderly and mostly women and children to infants were slaughtered in the Muslim morning call to prayer[7].  The war crimes here at Ahmica-Vitez was done by Croats not Serbs.

The human geography of the Balkan War and war crimes would have the grandmothers out in the field with their livestock which saved their lives but not their children and grandchildren.

If you drive another five kilometers away from Novi Travnik it is startlingly to the point of disbelief since Travnik is one of the most beautiful places in Eastern Europe.  Travnik is smacked in the middle of Mt. Vlasic’s soaring cliffs.  One road is the only entrance and exit that leads to Mt. Vlasic.  Blue Waters rage down from a stout Tower with stone walls witch’s castle and flows underground and then emerges above ground into Travnik. Austria’s Archduke Ferdinand drank coffee at the Blue Waters café in 1914.  The Mosque has its minaret on the wrong side due to the raging blue waters that roar through the town.

Mt Vlasic serves as the backbone of the town, actually the protector of the town. And the thousands of internal displaced people (IDPs) – refugees in their own country would flee to Travnik.

During the Balkan War (1991-1993) over 5,000 women- IDPs, refugees and those from the rape camps fled to Travnik[8].  Snipers were able to kill some. The women talked about how their mothers and grandmothers’ covered up their windows and knew how to outlast the sieges and sniper kills to the market via their wood stoves and their fermented and home canned goods.

In other words, after three world wars -100 years of war – intergenerational trauma conjures up the survivor skills not thriving skills. It also conjures up the women’s silence on their own daughters’ sexual agency, not just Muslim women but, especially, if lesbians or haven been raped.

The rape survivors knew from before the war how Travnik was geographical situated to protect IDPs – refugees.   We do know in the Balkan War rape camps held elder women- mostly educated with doctorates and/or held high positions with a majority of Muslim young women.  There is talk that many of the educated women were lesbians but it is never spoken about or referred to in most media and research.

From my kolo informed trauma work not just in Bosnia but across the globe, lesbians’ trauma events and trauma response comes from their unassimilable experiences since their commitment to the truth of their realities is a journey with the ultimate difference-the otherness of living and otherness of death.

Two outstanding elements stood out for me in the literature about these rape camps showing the killing silence; no mention or few children of rape were born and no mention of Lesbian women.   The extremes of what women endured and lesbians are not in the written historical accounts and if chronicled it is rare.  The otherness of women’s lives, their sexual identity and sexual agency cannot efface the gynocide (mass murder of women).  But it does demand a repossession of her witnessing her loss and suffering when she recounts the experience of otherness, separation and loss.

Since, there is no mention or witnessing lesbians among the 5,000 women rape survivors and refugees I decided to detail traces of their lesbian lives at the local communities I found myself in. Even the UN statistics did not have Lesbians enumerated and they were most likely folded into the women category[9].  Of course it is fine to have lesbians noted as women – true women who in my tacit knowledge[10] is our first mother who had to be lesbian and all women have the capacity for parthenogenesis[11] (self-birthing).

While the women category for Lesbians is accurate what occurs with this specific exclusion is how violence against lesbians in the former Yugoslavia and in the Balkan war and rape camps is excused and not held accountable.   It is a killing silence- a gynocide given a green light to this very day.

I do know that lesbian human geography before the war and during the war and in the aftermath is a continuous hell.  Yet, something did change in the aftermath of war when I and the Bosnian women war crimes and war survivors acknowledged that she exists along with a female social collective that committed to witness her life and their lives.  The killing silence is eliminated with the female solidarity and collective that allowed for witnessing her existence, her trauma while being in sisterhood.

Similar to the geographical extreme contrast between the Ahmica-Vitez, Novi Travnik to the mother town Travnik’s beauty, Travnik gives the impression of not being scarred or severely wounded from the century of wars. But the hidden truth are women’s suicides by flying off their dreary apartment buildings to their deaths.  This occurred in Novi Travnik-actually everywhere in the aftermath of the war.  The killing silence had their suicides classified as accidental.

At the very least, Novi Travnik’s ghetto like aftermath fits it’s an ugly munitions factory – a target during the Balkan War.  The ugly munitions factory is where Mersiha worked as an engineer.  Her human geography and environment are the backdrops of smudged soot colored apartment buildings before the war and after the war.  The buildings’ acne are the grenade impacts creating craters accompanied with millions of bullet holes that make no pattern- bullet holes are pitched in every direction.  The environment and backdrop of the buildings is why I never saw Mersiha standing near the building when she stormed into Sana’s photo shop.

I realized how the environment and human geography of hatred and violence camouflaged Mersiha physically and also spoke of how blindness is entrenched in the killing silence.

One half of the town is Muslim and the other half is Croatian.  Actually, the main street is the dividing line where Croat soldiers and snipers would lean out their windows and shoot at the Muslim population.  How she survived the snipers in the surrounding hillsides killing anyone attempting to go get food is unknown.  The Croatian side looks like another town in Eastern Europe- unscathed and plugged into the western world where funding and clean up was done in about 5 years.   Not so, for the Muslim side.  A cup of coffee on the Croatian side is about $2.00 but on the Muslim side 50 cents to a dollar[12].

Since the homosexuals are the preferred male gender it stands to reason that most lesbians and women are the hardest hit in the century of wars.   This is made possible with the governing entities and military to include the International criminal court for Yugoslavia tribunal[13].  The latter, blames the feminists for their advocacy of women’s sexual agency.   This did not stymie the use of public space and talk about the trauma endured by lesbians. Lepa Mladenovic, Serbian feminist activist wrote to Women in Black group Joan Nestle:

“From the beginning of wars in this region from ’91 I felt that I have to invent Ten thousand ways to let my lesbian desire breathe. At some moment during the last 8 years it was not easy for me to put in words how do I feel when making love with a woman and in the back there is a radio with the news of war. Killed, or expelled or other fascist acts. In my room, I would not be able to stand up from the bed, leave the desired bodies and switch off the news, also because I thought the respect to the killed I will show by not switching off the radio.”[14]

However, homosexuality was the door that opened to public awareness for the former Yugoslav provinces Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia in 1977.  According to Tajana Greif, an author (LL25- History of Slovenian Lesbian movement) and LGBTI activist reported ““It is only after that that homosexuality was able to enter public discourse and public space.”

Notice that Bosnia Hercegovina is not listed. The Balkan War genocide and gynocide to rape camps forms a denial narrative by not listing in the statistical women categories lesbians.   In fact, there is perhaps a shred of historical narratives or some witnessing that declares lesbians were targeted in the bloody war.

Lepa Mladenovic resisted the temptation to push away the news on the radio and to not fall into the killing silences.  Instead Lepa reconstitutes the lesbian desire to breathe and make love with a woman, a witnessing of her own trauma along with many lesbians in the radio broadcast that most likely did not cite lesbians.  What mattered was that Lepa knew from the concrete details that in the women category was the lesbian category.


Dr. Danica Borkovich Anderson founded and directed The Kolo: Women’s Cross Cultural Collaboration (The Kolo: WCCC) focusing on intersecting women’s collaboration, representation, and advocacy for social justice to halt violence against women internationally and nationally. The Kolo: WCCC promotes and provides women’s trauma counseling, treatment, and gives the opportunity to “train the trainer,” preparing lay persons to facilitate the ongoing work. The Kolo: WCCC presents a feminist perspective coupled with cross cultural practices that enable women in war torn regions, such as Africa (Sub-Sahara), Afghanistan, Bosnia, India, and Sri Lanka to become self-sustainable in their communities.


 

[1] Sexual heatmap- “But something proverbial hit the fan when the press release included the fact that there were early and consistent reports that antidepressants could change sexual orientation from homosexuality to heterosexuality. Impossible we were told. You will lose all credibility making these claims.

The first report of this effect is tucked away in the very first English language article on the discovery of the antidepressant effects of imipramine by Roland Kuhn. Imipramine we now know is a potent serotonin reuptake inhibitor. Kuhn was a country doctor, more a psychotherapist than a psychopharmacologist. He was conservative in attitude. His explanation for what was going on was that some homosexual behaviors stemmed from depression and relieving this helped “normalize” other behaviors. He didn’t celebrate the issue but he may have been pleased – in line with dominant thinking at that time.” https://rxisk.org/the-sexual-heatmap-2/

[2] Saving Normal- “Saving Normal: An Insider’s Revolt Against Out-of-Control Psychiatric Diagnosis, DSM-5, Big Pharma, and the Medicalization of Ordinary Life as ‘part mea culpa, part j’accuse, part cri de coeur’.Frances’ arguments about the dangers of inflating psychiatric conditions and psychiatric diagnosis are persuasive – maybe more so because he honestly admits to his own role in developing such an inflation. He is keenly aware of the risks of diagnostic inflation ‘because of painful firsthand experience’, he writes. ‘Despite our efforts to tame excessive diagnostic exuberance, DSM-IV had since been misused to blow up the diagnostic bubble’. He is particularly concerned about the exponential increase in the diagnosis of psychiatric conditions in children, writing: ‘We failed to predict or prevent three new false epidemics of mental disorder in children – autismattention deficit, and childhood bipolar disorder. And we did nothing to contain the rampant diagnostic inflation that was already expanding the boundary of psychiatry far beyond its competence.’ https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/reclaiming-childhood/201407/review-saving-normal-0

[3] “In ancient Rome, two men taking an oath of allegiance held each other’s testicles, and men held their own testicles as a sign of truthfulness while bearing witness in a public forum. The Romans found a word to describe this practice but didn’t invent the practice itself. Other primates had already been doing this for millions of years. Two male baboons who cooperate with each other by forming aggressive alliances against other baboons frequently fondle each other’s genitalia. This behavior has nothing to do with sex but it’s a social ritual that primatologists call a “greeting.” The behavior of ancient Romans and male baboons can be explained by the Handicap Principle, an evolutionary theory according to which the most effective way to obtain reliable information about a partner’s commitment in a relationship – whether a political alliance, a romantic relationship, or a business partnership – is to impose a cost on the partner and assess the partner’s willingness to pay it.” https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/games-primates-play/201112/testify-comes-the-latin-word-testicle

[4] I do want you to know that “Novi” translated from Bosnian means new in English.  The reason for naming it Novi Travnik is due to the mother town named Travnik located about five kilometers away.

[5] The Serbo-Croatian word kolo is very old and is most likely older than Sanskrit.  The kolo original meaning is the wheel and the Slavs call their round folk dances- kolo.  It also means to be in a circle.   I selected this word to evade the patriarchal symbols and return to the true meaning of the circle.

[6] The ethnic divides in former Yugoslavia: Croatians are Catholic, Serbians are Serbian Orthodox and Muslims are Bosniaks.

[7] The Ahmići massacre was the culmination of the Lašva Valley ethnic cleansing committed by the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia’s political and military leadership on Bosniak civilians during the Croat-Bosniak War in April 1993

[8] “The seizure of Jajce appeared to confirm the Serbian leaders’ determination to press forward with their offensive, despite pledges to seek peace and to stop fighting for control of wide areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina where Serbs were a minority before the war. In Jajce and the surrounding county, Serbs accounted for 19 percent of the population of 45,000 people in the 1991 census, with Muslims accounting for 39 per cent and Croats 35 percent.

Muslims and Croats were among the refugees streaming into Travnik today down the only road not blocked by Serbian troops, a dirt track used by Jajce’s defenders to run supply convoys through the mountains at night. A BBC reporter said that the refugees were arriving in Travnik, 20 miles southeast of Jajce, covered in mud, wet from heavy rains, and limping with fatigue after spending most of two days on the trek. The reporter, Alan Little, said in a radio account that some refugees reported that Serbian fighters opened fire on the refugees from positions overlooking the road. https://www.nytimes.com/1992/10/31/world/30-mile-refugee-line-is-seen-in-bosnia.html

[9] Bosnia-Hercegovina continue the onslaught of omitting or excluding Lesbians- “Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Open Centre, the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights organization, documented 23 cases of hate speech and incitement of violence and hate and two crimes and incidents motivated by prejudice on the basis of sexual orientation and/or gender identity in the first three months of 2016. The reaction of authorities to these incidents is generally inadequate. There was no progress in police investigations into the 2014 attack on a film festival that Sarajevo Open Centre organized.

In its annual progress on Bosnia and Herzegovina published in November, the European Commission highlighted the failure of authorities to amend the constitution, in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights and to implement rulings by the Constitutional Court. The report also identified inadequate legal protection for LGBTI persons and the failure of authorities to protect adequately the rights of minorities and to ensure media freedom.” https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/06/23/human-rights-watch-country-profiles-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity.”

[10] Wendy Wheeler’s The Whole Creature Book-Wheeler argues that art and culture advance through intuited embodied knowledge. Tacit bodily knowledge- our genome and thousands of generations of ancestors’ lived experiences. https://books.google.com/books?id=LFDEK8QyNhkC&pg=PA102&lpg=PA102&dq=Wendy+Wheeler+tacit+knowledge+definition&source=bl&ots=DL4so92U3e&sig=ACfU3U1vLriIQlHrx0kcc6JIaOSVpSTlGw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwia-9ymgrrgAhXpr1QKHff9AWsQ6AEwAnoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=Wendy%20Wheeler%20tacit%20knowledge%20definition&f=false

[11] “It’s a theme as old as science fiction: A world without men. The story is a familiar one: lesbians living together in an all-women utopia, loving, raising families and their own food. No men are needed, even in the creation of children. There’s a word for creating children without men: parthenogenesis, but it’s never applied to humans. Parthenogenesis, or virgin birth, is defined as reproduction without fertilization. It occurs naturally in some plant and insect species. It does not occur naturally in mammals, but like many other procedures developed in modern medicine, it can now occur with the assistance of scientists.” https://www.liveabout.com/parthenogenesis-do-we-need-men-anymore-2170724

“The newspaper article unfortunately mentioned that such children would have to be daughters (it would have been interesting to see whether or not any sons were claimed, but, if so, they could not possibly be parthenoforms). Ultimately, 19 women presented themselves along with their daughters as examples of “virgin birth.” Eleven of these did not profess that no father existed, but were under the mistaken impression that the search was for a hymen intact after conception (but long since broken in birth). The remaining eight pairs were examined by Balfour-Lynn (1956), who blood typed mothers and daughters and found antigens present in six daughters that were absent in their mothers, clear evidence of genetic differences. In another pair, the mother had blue eyes and the daughter brown eyes, indicating genetic differences. In the single remaining case, “Mrs. Alpha and daughter,” there was apparent genetic identity in blood groups and several other genetically determined traits including electrophoretic analysis of serum. The probability of such a close match between a mother and daughter produced by heterosexual reproduction was less than one chance in a hundred (P < .01).” http://www.zo.utexas.edu/courses/thoc/virginbirth.pdf

[12] In my book Blood & Honey: The Secret Herstory- Balkan Women War Crimes and War Survivors, the narratives of Bosnian women war crimes and war survivors.

[13] Challenging Bosnian Women’s Identity as Rape Victims, as Unending Victims: The ‘Other’ Sex in Times of War “Still, while the ICTY‟s view of the use of rape in the Bosnian war was groundbreaking and lauded as a great success by many feminists, Engle argues that on some level the ICTY, influenced by feminist thinking, has inadvertently functioned to limit the narratives about women in war, denying much of women’s sexual and political agency (Engle, 2008, 942). Engle contends that many feminists treated at least some women as victims only, rather than as people capable of political and sexual agency during the war (Engle, 2005, 780). My research was prompted by the recognition that many important narratives of women’s agency in times of war have become silenced and ignored” https://vc.bridgew.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1027&context=jiws

[14] ibid

Brazil: lesbian tattoo artist murdered

Joyce Cristina Vargas da Silva

Photo from Facebook

The Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro found the body of the tattoo artist Joyce Cristina Vargas da Silva , 31 years old. Black woman, lesbian and passionate about tattooing. She had been missing since Monday, May 27, after going out with friends from a LGBTQ + nightclub, to Papa G Nightclub . According to the cousin of the victim, the friends left and Joyce decided to stay a little longer. … Agents of the Capital Homicide Division located her corpse near the rails of the Madureira train station, in the northern part of Rio de Janeiro. The information above is from O Globo newspaper and SBT Brasil . Still, according to what was disclosed by social networks there were signs of rape and the indication that the murder has lesbophobic motivation.
(Translated)

A Polícia Civil do Rio de Janeiro encontrou o corpo da tatuadora Joyce Cristina Vargas da Silva, 31 anos. Mulher negra, lésbica e apaixonada por tatuagem. Ela estava desaparecida desde a segunda-feira, 27 de Maio, após sair com amigas de uma boate LGBTQ+, a Boate Papa G. Segundo o primo da vítima, as amigas foram embora e Joyce resolveu ficar um pouco mais. … Agentes da Divisão de Homicídios da Capital localizaram o cadáver próximo aos trilhos da estação de trem de Madureira, na zona norte do Rio de Janeiro. As informações acima são do jornal O Globo e do SBT Brasil. Ainda, segundo o que foi divulgado pelas redes sociais havia sinais de estupro e a indicação que o assassinato tenha motivação lesbofóbica.
(Original)

 

Continue reading at: http://www.frrrkguys.com.br/tatuadora-e-assassinada-no-rio-de-janeiro/ (source)

Costa Rica: lesbian forced to wear dress then brutally murdered

Stephannye Paola Castro Mora

(November 2018)

Those who knew Steph [Stephannye Paola Castro Mora] said that she had a style of dress, and that she never wore dresses or skirts. Hence, the psychologist who has evaluated this case on account of the hatred with which her murderers tried to humiliate her before killing her, putting a dress on her. “In this particular case not only hate, intolerance and excessive anger toward the sexual orientation of the victim are denoted, but also the imposition of their own code and how he (or the murderers) think must express the sexuality of a woman (with a dress)” commented Ana Yancy Benavides. …
We are filled with rage at the murder of this young woman who worked as a security guard, a girl who was the target of deranged just because of her sexual orientation, because she did not fulfil the heterosexual and feminine “codes” that the lesbophobes wanted to see in them.
(Translated)

Los que conocían a Steph decían que tenía un estilo muy propio de vestir, y que jamás usaba vestidos ni faldas. De ahí que la psicóloga que ha evaluado este caso de cuenta del odio con el que sus asesinos intentaron humillarla antes de matarla, poniéndole un vestido. “En este caso particular no solo se denotan odio, intolerancia y enojo desmedido hacia la orientación sexual de la víctima, sino también la imposición de su propio código y como él (o los asesinos) piensan debe expresarse la sexualidad de una mujer (con un vestido)”, comentó Ana Yancy Benavides. …
Nos llena de rabia el asesinato de esta joven mujer que trabajaba como guardia de seguridad, una chica que fue el blanco de desquiciados sólo por su orientación sexual, por no cumplir los “códigos” heterosexuales y femeninos que los lesbófobos querían ver en ellas.
(Original)

Continue reading at: http://www.mirales.es/asesinan-a-una-chica-lesbiana-e-intentan-humillarla-poniendole-un-vestido/ (Source)

U.K: Brothers murdered lesbian after homophobic abuse report

glenda

Two brothers have been found guilty of stabbing a woman to death after she reported a homophobic attack by a group they were linked to.
Glenda Jackson was found in a blood-soaked hallway at flats in Grayson Mews, Birkenhead, on 30 September 2018.
Prosecutor Gordon Cole QC said she had called police at 01:44 and told the 999 operator she had been subjected to homophobic abuse and suffered facial injuries.
She told attending officers she had been attacked by the people in a flat where the Curtis brothers had been sleeping and was recorded on a body-cam stating that her attackers had told her if she “dared do anything she would be killed”.

Continue reading: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-merseyside-48092027 (source)

Guatemala: two lesbians murdered for being lesbian

Guatemala

Source: Ontheworldmap.com

On Wednesday, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Guatemala condemned the murder of two women in the municipality of Jalapa, 99 kilometers east of the capital, on which there was a “lesbophobic” message.
(Translated)

La Oficina de la Alta Comisionada de la ONU para los Derechos Humanos en Guatemala condenó este miércoles el asesinato de dos mujeres en el municipio de Jalapa, a 99 kilómetros al este de la capital, sobre las que había un mensaje “lesbofóbico”.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.elespanol.com/mundo/20190424/asesinan-mujeres-guatemala-lesbianas/393460855_0.html (Source)

Ireland: Lyra McKee, talented young, lesbian journalist killed at riot

lyra.jpg

Lyra McKee was killed on Thursday (local time) by a gunman shooting in the direction of police officers, shortly after she tweeted a photo of a police vehicle being pelted by petrol bombs, with the caption: “Derry tonight. Absolute madness.”

A year after moving to Londonderry, the celebrated young journalist had written about how she looked forward to “better times ahead and saying goodbye to bombs and bullets once and for all”.

But just three months later she was killed during a riot that underscored the challenges still faced by Northern Ireland, 21 years after the Good Friday Agreement largely ended decades of deadly sectarian bloodshed.

Continue reading: https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-20/lyra-mckee-remembered-at-vigil-in-northern-ireland/11032882 (source)

 

Brazil: Businessman confesses that he killed lesbian uber driver because she refused to have sex

Vanusa da Cunha Ferreira

Suspected of killing driver Vanusa da Cunha Ferreira, Parsilon Lopes dos Santos said on Wednesday that he committed the crime after the victim refused to have sexual intercourse with him after a private race. According to the Civil Police, he still raped the woman after killing her. 

Vanusa, a 36-year-old nursing technician and driver, was found dead Sunday night, in Jardim Copacabana, in Aparecida de Goiânia, in the Metropolitan Region of the capital. Hours earlier, her car was found on a city street and passed by expertise. Parsilon was arrested on Monday.
(Translated)

Suspeito de matar a motorista de aplicativo Vanusa da Cunha Ferreira, Parsilon Lopes dos Santos disse, nesta quarta-feira (23), que cometeu o crime após a vítima se negar a manter relação sexual com ele depois de uma corrida particular. Segundo a Polícia Civil, ele ainda estuprou a mulher após matá-la.

Técnica em enfermagem e motorista nas horas vagas, Vanusa, de 36 anos, foi encontrada morta na noite de domingo (20), no Jardim Copacabana, em Aparecida de Goiânia, na Região Metropolitana da capital. Horas antes, o carro dela foi achado em uma rua vicinal da cidade e passou por perícia. Parsilon foi preso
(Original)

Continue reading at: http://www.folhamax.com/mundo/empresario-confessa-que-matou-motorista-de-aplicativo-porque-ela-se-recusou-a-ter-relacoes-sexuais/194502 (Source)

More information: http://www.umoutroolhar.com.br/2019/02/juliana-pereira-conta-que-o-assassino-de-sua-namorada-era-obcecado-por-ela.html