Tag Archives: murder of lesbian

2018 in review: Listening 2 Lesbians

 

By Liz Waterhouse

As 2018 draws to a close, we look back on lesbian news through the year. The articles located, written and shared were assessed by location, issue and perpetrator or source of the issue. Community responses to articles were also reviewed.

 

LOCATION

 

In 2018 Listening2Lesbians found and shared 152 stories from 35 countries of the world, with 146 of these articles country specific.

The USA was the greatest source of stories with 65 pieces, as many as the next 18 countries combined. 

The USA and United Kingdom were reported on 76 times, exactly half of the total articles for the year. This stark overrepresentation of the USA and the UK reflects various factors including a cultural dominance which is mirrored in media resourcing and output as well as our current reliance on English language media.

In the context of existing analyses of global lesbian experiences, the stories we were able to source this year do not adequately represent the reality of lesbian lives around the world.

There remain overwhelming gaps in representation, with 135 countries or territories never having been reported on by Listening2Lesbians. In 47 of these 135 unreported countries, homosexuality is strictly or defacto illegal and it is implausible that discrimination, harassment and persecution of lesbians do not exist in these countries.

The underreporting of lesbian experiences in these countries is almost certainly exacerbated by the (LGBTI and mainstream) media focus on other groups within the LGBTI community. It has been a source of frustration in 2018 how often lesbians are not included in reports on legal changes, persecution and their effects even when it is evident that they will be affected, and that their experiences will be further exacerbated by cultural expectations of and pressures on women and the punishment levied against women who do not meet these cultural norms/sex roles.

Listening2Lesbians will continue working to discover, document and share the experiences of lesbians in these countries as part of our commitment to global lesbian wellbeing.

 

ISSUES

Discrimination and harassment were the dominant issue reported in 2018, representing 47% of the global stories reported in the English media.

Physical and sexual violence against lesbians, including murder, represented 30% of reported stories with persecution a further 16%, often including stories of lesbians seeking asylum to escape it.

 

Issues reported 2018 global

This breakdown is not globally representative with the USA breakdown between discrimination and harassment and persecution significantly different to that in the rest of the world. Discrimination and harassment in the US represent 61% of the stories with persecution representing just 5%.

 

For the rest of the world, minus the USA, discrimination and harassment represent just 36% of the stories in 2018 with persecution representing 24%.

Physical or sexual violence, including murder, was reported at similar rates of approximately 30% of the stories.

It seems likely that there would be further variation across the regions of the world but there is not yet enough data held by Listening2Lesbians to assess it in greater detail.

 

HOSTILITY SOURCE

After looking at what happens to lesbians, and where, the next question is who – who is manifesting this hostility and opposition to lesbians, what is the source of the abuse.

Stories reported in 2018 were coded for source and while some of the assessments are subjective, the intent was to provide insight into the nature of the opposition to lesbians.

Global data was considered first, with governments the global primary source of hostility and opposition to lesbians (28% of the reports). Individuals and strangers were not far behind at 23% of the reports.2018 hostility source chart global

 

The USA vs global minus USA data was also assessed, with the results reflecting a similar variation as noted in the reported issue breakdown.

Mirroring the discrimination-harassment vs persecution focus of the issues reported charts, the source charts show a marked difference between the USA and other countries. It is possible that this variation would be greater with more comprehensive data for countries with potentially greater overlap with the USA (such as the UK, Australia and New Zealand).

2018 hostility source chart usa

 

 

The USA hostility source data shows relatively low levels of reported family and friend hostility, with strangers and individuals the dominant hostility source. Government is an additional notable hostility source, with discrimination the primary issue.

2018 hostility source chart global - usa

 

For countries other than the USA, Government remains the primary hostility source at 34% of stories, with persecution the dominant issue. Individuals and strangers remain a significant hostility source in non-USA countries with elevated rates of community and family- and friends-based hostility. The hostility resulting from family and friends and individuals and strangers for non-USA reports is predominantly physical violence, including murder. Persecution is notable in the community-based hostility for non-USA reports.

 

WHAT DOES IT MEAN?

The data on both the source of hostility and nature of the hostility demonstrates a difference across the global lesbian experience, with a focus on discrimination in the USA, and a significantly elevated rate of government persecution and interpersonal hostility in other countries.

Additional data in future years will allow for enhanced analysis of these variations.

While there remains social and legal hostility in a variety of countries, the situation of lesbians in countries with profound violent social opposition and government persecution is evidently of a different nature to that of lesbians facing harassment and discrimination, with civil remedies available to them and a state which will not punish them on reporting a crime.

Civil remedies and greater community acceptance do not appear to have resolved the issue of interpersonal violence which remains consistent at approximately 30% of reports across the board. An assessment of the magnitude or severity of the interpersonal violence cannot be made with the current data.

RESPONSE TO THE NEWS

In 2018, the Listening2Lesbians story with the most individual views was California: Court update on alleged murder of lesbian couple and adult child.

The most shared blog post (from WordPress) was U.S: Man Breaks Woman’s Spine in Anti-Lesbian Hate Crime.

The Facebook post with the greatest engagement was the personally devastating announcement of my partner and Listening2Lesbians powerhouse Lisa Mallet’s death: Listening2Lesbians Mourns loss of Lisa Mallett.

IN SUMMARY

The pattern of engagement with Listening2Lesbians stories shows that violent individual attacks garner the most attention, particularly where those attacks occur in the first world. It was notable that, as in previous years, some significant stories of personal trauma and persecution did not appear to capture the imagination of Listening2Lesbians readership, mirroring a phenomenon well established in the mainstream media.

Crimes and hostility against lesbians seem under reported relative to the mainstream and LGBTI populations in both media sectors which is broadly in line with previously identified trends. The stories which were reported predominantly focus on crimes against lesbians in the English speaking first world countries. Additional stories were located through thorough reviews of English-speaking local media around the world.

In addition to sex, race and class remain significant factors in what is reported (and how), and also appear to influence the community response to those reports. Social and legal structures which prevent lesbians from reporting crimes and hostility against them exacerbate these tendencies, with language barriers inhibiting a deeper investigation of the experiences of lesbians as reported in the non-English media landscape.

As with reporting on crimes against women more generally, there remains little interest in reporting and responding to institutional, family or communal violence or persecution, which appears to be the dominant global lesbian experience as reported in 2018 once the USA data is excluded.

Listening2lesbians remains committed to broadening the information reported on the global lesbian experience, with our focus remaining on seeking to highlight the experiences of profoundly marginalised lesbian communities around the world.

 

Contact information:

Liz@listening2lesbians.com 

 

Posts from 2018:

 

Advertisements

U.S: Burlington man charged with the murder of lesbian

Mary-McBroom-Obituary

A man was arrested Tuesday afternoon, the day after a woman was shot and killed.

Eric Douglas Moore, 20, of Burlington, has been charged with first-degree murder in the death of 24-year-old Mary Elizabeth McBroom.

Continue reading at: https://www.greensboro.com/news/crime/
burlington-man-charged-with-murder-in-death-of–year/
(source)

U.S: Lesbian ‘dismembered after being tricked into Tinder date with couple who wanted a threesome’

Lesbian dismembered 'after being tricked into Tinder date with couple who wanted threeway'

A woman was murdered and her body dismembered after she was tricked into a Tinder date with another woman whose secret boyfriend wanted a threesome.

Continue reading at: https://metro.co.uk/2018/06/13/lesbian-dismembered-tricked-tinder-date-by-couple-wanted-threesome-7628037/  (source)

 

California: Court update on alleged murder of lesbian couple and adult child

Wright Reed family

By DZ

Dana Rivers (formerly known as David Chester Warfield) was arrested on November 11, 2016 and charged with three counts of murder; arson of an inhabited space; and possession of metal knuckles. When police arrived after midnight at the burning home of Patricia A. Wright and Charlotte Ku’ulei Reed, a lesbian couple, they reportedly discovered Rivers exiting the home covered in blood.

According to police, Rivers was carrying knives and ammunition while attempting to flee on Reed’s motorcycle. Reed and Wright were found murdered along with their 19-year-old son, Toto “Benny” Diambu-Wright, one of their three children. The two women, known to friends as Pat and Char, had been repeatedly stabbed and shot to death; Benny had also been fatally shot. According to Officer Hector Jimenez, Rivers “began to make spontaneous statements about her involvement in the murders” while being detained by police.

On July 5, 2017 Rivers entered a plea in response to the charges: Not Guilty on all counts. Rivers also plead to deny each instance of Special Allegations and Special Circumstances related to the case, such as multiple murders and use of a deadly weapon.

Though there has been steady courtroom activity related to the case over the past year, media coverage been extremely scarce. Some reports have stated a possible motive involving a “property dispute.” Speaking under condition of anonymity, community sources say their knowledge of Rivers’ contact with Ms. Reed could suggest different possible motives. One source commented, “A property dispute is something like, ‘I want your motorcycle.’ And there was an attempt to take Char’s bike, but it seems more like an afterthought. If it was just about the motorcycle, then none of the rest of this had to happen. It just doesn’t make sense.”

Rivers is being held without bail at Santa Rita Jail in Dublin, CA. Rivers appeared in court for a Pretrial Hearing at the Rene C. Davidson Courthouse in Oakland, CA on January 8, 2018 for a Pretrial Hearing and was then scheduled to appear for a Preliminary Hearing on January 22, 2018. Court records initially reflected that Rivers was represented by Defense Attorney Bonnie Lynn Narby. According to more recent records, Rivers has engaged an experienced criminal defense attorney–Timothy B. Rien of Rien, Adams & Cox.

Records list the District Attorney for prosecution as Christopher David Cavagnaro. During the January 8 Pretrial Hearing, Melissa Eileen Adams, Managing Partner of Rien, Adams & Cox, appeared in court to represent Rivers, and a D.A. who did not appear to be Mr. Cavagnaro appeared for the prosecution. During the proceedings, an additional Preliminary Hearing was scheduled for March 6, 2018.

On March 7, a Further Preliminary Examination was conducted; following that were another Arraignment and additional Hearings. Rivers last appeared in court on May 15, 2018 for a Disposition & Setting (D&S), and is next scheduled to appear on June 27, 2018 for another D&S.

Prior to being arrested for these crimes, Rivers had been best known as a transgender activist. Formerly a member of the Navy, Rivers had become a journalism teacher at a Sacramento area high school. After being fired for discussing personal matters related to gender transition with students, Rivers sued the school board and won a settlement. Additionally, Rivers participated in organized actions against the Michigan Womyn’s Music Festival, a predominantly lesbian cultural institution (p44).

Patricia Wright, known as Pat, was a beloved public school teacher; Charlotte Reed, often called Char, had a successful hair salon catering especially to a clientele of trans people. Both women graduated from Mills College. Benny Diambu-Wright was a Berkeley High School graduate who, according to his brother, wanted to become a nurse. Pat, Char, and Benny are survived by family, including Reed and Wright’s two other children, as well as their extended family, friends, and communities.

References:

Wright Reed family.png

A lesbian was brutally murdered – now her friend is calling on South Africa to stand up for LGBT rights

In April 2017, Nthabiseng Mokanyane’s close childhood friend Nonkie Smous was raped and murdered because she was a lesbian.
Now Nthabiseng, 25, is calling for religious and government leaders to respond to escalating threats against the lesbian community in Kroonstad, South Africa.

Continue reading at: http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2017/12/08/a-lesbian-was-brutally-murdered-now-her-friend-is-calling-on-south-africa-to-stand-up-for-lgbt-rights/  (Source)

South Africa: Partner of Lesbian Woman Murdered in Khayelitsha Testifies

southa

The Western Cape High Court on Tuesday heard evidence from the partner of a lesbian murdered in what’s believed to be a hate crime.
Noluvo Swelindawo was abducted, assaulted and murdered in December last year [2016] in Khayelitsha.

Continue reading at: http://ewn.co.za/2017/11/21/partner-of-lesbian-woman-murdered-in-khayelitsha-testifies  (Source)

U.K.: Woman Allegedly Killed by Partner’s Ex in Apparent Response to Lesbian Relationship

A murder probe has been launched after travel agent Cassie Hayes (right) allegedly had her throat slit.  Her partner Laura Williams (left) has paid tribute following her death

The former partner of travel agent [Cassie Hayes] killed in a TUI shop has described the heart-wrenching moment she told their four-year-old daughter her mother had died. Cassie Hayes, 28, was killed on Saturday in Southport, Merseyside, at the branch of Tui where she was assistant manager.

Andrew Burke, 30, from St Helens, appeared at Liverpool Crown Court today charged with her murder. A post-mortem examination showed Miss Hayes’ cause of death was shock and haemorrhaging as a result of the wound.

Continue reading at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5270817/Man-charged-murder-Cassie-Hayes-appears-court.html (Source)

New York: Two men arrested in the horrific murder of a lesbian family

myers-family-702x431

Shanta Myers, 36, her two children Shanise, 5, and Jeremiah, 11, and her partner Brandi Mells, 22, were found dead in their home in Troy, New York, the day after Christmas. Investigators believe they were killed the previous Thursday, December 21.

Continue reading at: https://www.lgbtqnation.com/2017/12/two-men-arrested-horrific-murder-lesbian-family/ (Source)

South Africa: Seven arrested after horror torture and murder of lesbian couple

A lesbian couple from Mooinooi in the North West province are believed to have been tortured, raped, murdered and set alight, allegedly by seven people.

Anisha (30) – a manager at an Anglo mine – and Joey van Niekerk (32) went missing on 10 December when they set out to drive to Pretoria for a family funeral.

Continue reading at: http://www.mambaonline.com/2018/01/08/seven-arrested-horror-torture-murder-lesbian-couple/ (Source)

 

 

In Memoriam: Lesbian Murder Victims

An amazing blog dedicated to the memory of lesbians murdered.  Listening 2 Lesbians would like to thank the blogger who is doing this important work.  We will update this post as changes are made to the original blog.

“Lesbians are very often undercounted as murder victims–both within the so-called LGBT community and by those who monitor violence against women. This is a beginning effort to honor the names of the lesbians that have been lost.”

Continue reading at: In Memoriam: Lesbian Murder Victims (Source)

$500 Million Lawsuit Filed Against Man Who Brutally Raped, Shot, Young Lesbian Couple

The man who brutally assaulted a teenage lesbian couple in Texas is being sued for $500 million by the survivor of his horrible attack.

 David Strickland was convicted in September of raping and shooting Mary Kristene Chapa, 18, and her girlfriend, 19-year-old Mollie Olgin, in a park near Corpus Christi in 2012. Olgin died at the scene, while Chapa, who was shot in the head, survived.

 

Continue reading at: $500 Million Lawsuit Filed Against Man Who Brutally Raped, Shot, Young Lesbian Couple | NewNowNext (Source)