A fifteen year old girl has been raped by two men as punishment for suspected lesbianism in the town of Yilo Krobo in Eastern Ghana.
It was reported on Africa Feeds, that the suspects, who shared housing with the victim and her friend, confronted the girls with an allegation of lesbianism and tried to offer them money for sex. When the girls refused, the men attempted to sexually assault them. One of the girls escaped, but the other was raped a number of times by the suspects.
The fifteen year old victim reported the attack to the police and one of the suspects has been taken into custody. The other suspect has yet to be apprehended.
Currently there are a number of legislators in the country trying to pass an anti-homosexual law that states anyone who engages in sexual acts with members of the same-sex will be “liable on summary conviction to a fine of not less than seven hundred and fifty penalty units and not more than five thousand penalty units, or to a term of imprisonment of not less than three years and not more than five years or both.”
This bill, if passed, will apply to anyone who “holds out as a lesbian, a gay, a transgender, a transsexual, a queer, a pansexual, an ally, a non-binary or any other sexual or gender identity that is contrary to the binary categories of male and female.” It will also seek to punish people who promote and/or are allies to the LGBT+ community.
Hong Kong man accused of concealing his sex to rape woman cleared of all charges
An unemployed Hong Kong man accused of concealing his sex in order to rape a woman he met on a lesbian forum has been cleared of all charges.
A High Court jury on Friday acquitted Tsang Tsz-ho, 30, after four hours of closed-door deliberations in the midst of a typhoon, which ultimately led to the postponement of all other hearings.
Tsang was found not guilty of rape by a vote of five to two, and cleared of indecent assault by a unanimous vote from the jury of six men and one woman, concluding a 10-day trial before Mr Justice Joseph Yau Chi-lap.
A man in France is on trial for allegedly raping and torturing his lesbian sister and her girlfriends. Samy M reportedly lured his sister and her friends to the river Drôme, where he sexually abused and tortured the women. He is said to have used a razor to cut a ‘permanent smile’ on his sister’s girlfriend’s face. Her scars are still evident and will likely disfigure the victim for life.
Samy M has been on trial since Monday, September 27, at the Drôme Regional Court in Valence for the December 2018 crimes. As mentioned, he abducted and raped his then 24-year-old sister, who had left the family home in Bourg-de-Péage a month earlier, Les Observateurs reported. The man attacked his sibling after finding out she was having an intimate relationship with a woman, thereby going against the doctrine of Islam. Samy M was armed and hooded when he forced the victims to a deserted place, beat them, forced them to kneel down, and subsequently carved deep cuts on both cheeks of his sister’s girlfriend with a razor. “I will make you smile forever,” he allegedly told them, per the victims’ testimony in court.
Family, friends and members of the LGBTIQ+ community in Limpopo have been left reeling by the brutal rape and murder of a young lesbian community health worker, in what is suspected to be a hate crime.
A young lesbian community health worker was raped, stabbed multiple times and dumped alongside the road next to Helen Franz Hospital in the rural Senwabarwana area of Limpopo last week.
Thapelo Constance Sehata (23), of Desmond Park in Senwabarwana, was found on Wednesday (28 July 2021) unconscious and bleeding from severe stab wounds, just a short distance from the hospital.
She later succumbed to her injuries, following what her family and fellow members of the LGBTIQ+ community described as a hate crime motivated by her sexual identity. Police have confirmed the incident.
Sehata was a mother of a nine-year-old girl and worked as peer educator at the non-governmental organisation (NPO) Centre for Positive Care (CPC).
Her distraught older sister, Pretty Sehata (31), told Health-e News this week that the whole family, including their 63-year-old mother, was hurt beyond words.
“Thapelo was open about being lesbian and we accepted and loved her as our own in the family. Of course, there were some residents who would mock, insult and ridicule her for what she was. And here we are in pain today, mourning her brutal killing. She was raped, killed and dumped along the road as if she was not human,” said Pretty.
The lesbian Temple University employee who was able to finally put Bill Cosby behind bars after decades of accusations from 60 women said that it’s “disappointing” that the Pennsylvania Supreme Court vacated his conviction and set him free.
Cosby was accused of drugging and sexually assaulting Andrea Constand in 2004 when she worked with the university’s women’s basketball team, and in 2018 a jury found him guilty on three second degree felony counts of aggravated indecent assault. But the state’s supreme court just overturned that conviction.
Related: Bill Cosby tried to discredit rape victim by saying she’s gay
“Today’s majority decision regarding Bill Cosby is not only disappointing but of concern in that it may discourage those who seek justice for sexual assault in the criminal justice system from reporting,” she said in a statement that was also signed by her lawyers Dolores Troiani and Bebe Kivitz.
“We remain grateful to those women who came forward to tell their stories,” the statement continues. “We do not intend to make any further comment.”
Sixty women have accused Cosby of sexual assault, many saying that he drugged and then raped them. Many weren’t taken seriously in time to prosecute Cosby.
May 2021: In a “historic first” according to the victim’s lawyer and lesbian activists, on Friday, the Paris Assize Court sentenced a man to 14 years jail for “rape because of sexual orientation” of a lesbian.
In March 2020, Jeanne’s attacker was sentenced to 15 years by the Seine-Saint-Denis assize court, without the aggravating circumstance of homophobia being recognised. This time, jurors and judges ruled it was lesbophobic rape, not least because the 25-year-old accused “knew from the start of their meeting the sexual orientation” of his victim.
Recognition of the lesbophobic nature of this assault “was most important to me,” Jeanne said after the trial. The rape was fueled by that – he wanted to deny me as a lesbian, to punish me. At the first trial, the second denial of my identity by the courts and by society was the hardest part. “ (Translated)
C’est une «première historique» selon l’avocat de la victime et les militantes lesbiennes : ce vendredi, la cour d’assises de Paris a condamné un homme à 14 ans de réclusion criminelle pour «viol en raison de l’orientation sexuelle» sur une femme homosexuelle.
En mars 2020, l’agresseur de Jeanne (1) avait été condamné à 15 ans par la cour d’assises de la Seine-Saint-Denis. Sauf que la circonstance aggravante de l’homophobie n’avait pas été retenue. Cette fois, les jurés et les juges ont estimé qu’il s’agissait d’un viol lesbophobe, notamment car l’accusé, âgé de 25 ans, «connaissait dès le début de leur rencontre l’orientation sexuelle» de sa victime.
La reconnaissance du caractère lesbophobe de cette agression «était le plus important pour moi, a réagi Jeanne à l’issue du procès. Le viol était nourri par ça, il voulait me nier en tant que lesbienne, me punir. Au premier procès, j’avais été niée une deuxième fois par la justice, la société, dans mon identité, c’était ça le plus dur.» (Original)
Angela Paterson is now 49 years old and living openly as a lesbian, but told the i that she’ll “never forget” her horrific experiences of conversion therapy as a vulnerable teenager.
Paterson joined Lancing Tabernacle Church in West Sussex, which at the time was led by reverend Max Donald, when she was 14.
When she was 19, in 1990, she became homeless. Donald was aware that the teenager was vulnerable, with a history of sexual abuse, and asked her to move in with him and his wife.
Paterson said knew she was a lesbian, and believed what her evangelical church taught her – that being gay meant going straight to hell. Donald initially sent her to a counsellor for conversion therapy, but when that was ineffective, he embarked on four years of abuse in his mission to “heal” her.
The abuse began gradually, Paterson explained: “I’d be in bed and he would come into my room with a cup of coffee, sit on the bed and on the odd occasion touch my hair and say, ‘We really want to look after you.’ Then we would be in the lounge and he would just grab my hand.
“I was confused but I also thought, ‘This is a pastor, someone I can trust.’ Then I was at the fridge one night and he grabbed me and kissed me on the lips. I was really taken aback but he was trying to reassure me, [saying], ‘It’s OK, I just care about you.’”
Donald would tell her that the rape was “OK by God”, and she added: “As far as I was concerned, he was closer to God than anybody else… I thought it might work. I was a broken person when I moved there. So I stayed.”
DURBAN – THE MEC for Social Development in KwaZulu-Natal is calling on residents to rally around the LGBTI+ community following the gruesome murder of a 22-year-old woman.
MEC Nonhlanhla Khoza said KwaMakhutha resident Anele Bhengu’s body was found dumped in the Durban south township.
She was raped and stabbed repeatedly. Her throat and abdomen was also slit.
“The brutal murder of this child is symptomatic of the challenges we have in the society. We are left in shock and fear by the killing of our children in this province,” she said.
Khoza said communities had a responsibility to end these violent crimes in the province.
“We need to get to the bottom of this as to why people have so much hatred towards the LGBTQIA+ community. We call on all citizens to work with the law enforcement agencies, government and different bodies to end such cruelty,” Khoza said.
She said although the government and different activities continue to fight the scourge of these murders, some communities continue to discriminate against some people based on their sexual orientation.
March 2021: It’s been reported that Nonhlanhla Kunene was raped and murdered in Pietermaritzburg last weekend. According to The Witness, the body of the 37-year-old was discovered near the Edendale Primary School on Friday 5 March.
“When police arrived, they found that the woman was lying flat on her face and was naked from the waist down,” a police spokesperson told the newspaper.
“We are waiting on the post-mortem to give us further information as the police did not find any visible wounds on the victim’s body.”
“It is really sad that hate crimes and gender-based violence are still part of our daily struggle,” said the Pietermaritzburg-based Gay & Lesbian Network (GLN) on Facebook. “We continue to fear for our lives every day.”
While The Witness article did not refer to Kunene’s sexuality or gender identity, GLN Project Coordinator Tracey Sibisi confirmed to MambaOnline that she had been a member of the LGBTIQ community.
“Her friend called the organisation and reported the case and they told us that she was a lesbian,” said Sibisi.
An international footballer, coach and aspiring referee, Eudy Simelane dedicated her life to the sport.
She was one of the first openly gay [sic] women to live in her township of Kwa-Thema in South Africa and was a well-known LGBT+ activist.
But because of her sexuality, Simelane was brutally raped and murdered in 2008, aged just 31.
This is the story of her life and how the legacy of her death is still impacting South African society.
A campaigner for equality rights and social change, she was one of the first women to come out as a lesbian in South Africa.
On 27 April 2008, Simelane’s body was found in a stream just a few hundred metres from her home in Kwa-Thema.
Reports stated she was approached after leaving a pub, raped and then stabbed repeatedly.
Despite her death shocking many, activists claimed many lesbians in South Africa were targeted for ‘corrective rape’, a crime where the perpetrator aims to ‘cure’ the victim of their sexuality, converting them to heterosexuality.
Thato Mphuthi pleaded guilty to the rape and murder of Simelane in February 2009 and was sentenced to 32 years in prison. The following September, Themba Mvubu was also found guilty of the crimes and was sentenced to life in prison. When questioned by reporters in court, he responded: “I’m not sorry.”
Simelane’s sexuality put her in a vulnerable position, something her mother recognised, telling the BBC, “the whole of South Africa knew Eudy was a lesbian”.
The unfortunate reality is Simelane’s story isn’t unique – she is one of many victims of similar, horrific crimes in South Africa.
A year prior to her death, Sizakele Sigasa, a women’s and gay rights activist, and her friend Salone Massooa were heckled outside a bar and called ‘tomboys’. The women were then gang-raped, tortured, and shot dead.
Just a few years after Simelane’s murder, Noxolo Nogwaza, a 24-year-old lesbian, was found beaten and stoned to death in the same township Simelane lived.
Chioma starts chatting with another lesbian, Blessing. She seems nice, reliable, the two young women begin to exchange intimate photos. And finally the day arrives when they will meet. Chioma is on the way to Blessing’s house when a man in military uniform approaches her: he says he is a colleague of Blessing’s father, that he knows she is homosexual and wants to take her to the police station, where they will arrest her and she will be sentenced to 14 years in prison. The threat is very realistic, Chioma is in a panic. She ends up following the stranger to a hotel, where he rapes her.
But the nightmare has only just begun. Two months later the man contacts her again and threatens her: if she does not give him two million naira (almost 4400 euros), he will post her naked photos online and out her as a lesbian. Chioma doesn’t know what to do: she doesn’t have that much money and in any case she can’t live forever under the man’s threats, which obviously will never stop. And so she tells her family everything. She’s not safe now, but at least she doesn’t have to go through everything alone. (Translated)
Chioma inizia a chattare con un’altra ragazza lesbica, Blessing. Sembra simpatica, affidabile, le due giovani iniziano a scambiarsi foto intime. E finalmente arriva il giorno in cui si conosceranno. Chioma è sulla strada della casa di Blessing quando un uomo in uniforme militare l’avvicina: dice di essere un collega del padre di Blessing, di sapere che è omosessuale e di volerla spogliare per trascinarla al commissariato, dopo l’arresteranno per poi farla condannare a 14 anni di carcere. La minaccia è molto realistica, Chioma è nel panico. Finisce per seguire lo sconosciuto in un albergo, dove lui la violenta.
Ma l’incubo è solo cominciato. Due mesi dopo l’uomo si fa risentire e la minaccia: se non gli dà due milioni di naira (quasi 4400 euro), pubblicherà le sue foto nuda online e la smaschererà in quanto lesbica. Chioma non sa cosa fare: non ha tutti quei soldi e comunque non può vivere per sempre sotto le minacce di quell’uomo, che ovviamente non cesseranno mai. E così racconta tutto alla famiglia. Ora non è al sicuro, ma almeno non deve affrontare tutto da sola. (Original)
The Criminal Court of Recanto das Emas, in the Federal District, sentenced evangelical priest João Batista dos Santos to 20 years and 6 months in prison for the rape of a 13-year-old teenager.
The MPDFT (Public Ministry of the Federal District and Territories) advsed that the religious leader’s sentence took into account the authority he exercised over the victim and also recognised the repeated nature of the crime, which occurred at least three times.
In this case in which the priest was convicted of rape of a vulnerable person, it appears that João Batista met the victim in 2017, and the girl talked to the religious leader about her sexual orientation.
According to the MPDFT case, before the abuses occurred the priest said that he loved the girl and would marry her. After the girl commented on being a lesbian, he proposed to use an oil to anoint her body, saying that it was a form of “gay cure”.
O juízo da Vara Criminal do Recanto das Emas, no Distrito Federal, condenou o bispo evangélico João Batista dos Santos a 20 anos e 6 meses de reclusão pelo estupro de uma adolescente 13 anos.
A pena do líder religioso levou em consideração a autoridade que ele exercia sobre a vítima e também o reconhecimento da ocorrência continuada do crime — por pelo menos três vezes —, informou o MPDFT (Ministério Público do Distrito Federal e Territórios).
Nos autos do processo em que o bispo foi condenado por estupro de vulnerável, consta que João Batista conheceu a vítima em 2017, sendo que a menina teria conversado com o líder religioso sobre sua orientação sexual.
De acordo com a denúncia do MPDFT, antes dos abusos o bispo falava que amava a garota e que iria casar com ela. Depois de a menina comentar sobre ser lésbica, ele propôs passar um óleo para ungir seu corpo, argumentando ser uma forma de “cura gay”.
The Civil Police of Salto (SP) is interviewing witnesses to investigate the incident in which a man is suspected of raping his 13-year-old daughter in front of her grandfather on Saturday (29 August). Cell phones of those involved were also apprehended for analysis.
The mother told G1 [the media outlet] that the assault occurred after they discovered the girl was a lesbian. (Translated)
Polícia Civil de Salto (SP) está ouvindo testemunhas para investigar o homem suspeito de estuprar a filha de 13 anos na frente do avô dela, no sábado (29). Celulares dos envolvidos também foram apreendidos para serem analisados.
A mãe contou ao G1 que a agressão teria ocorrido depois que eles descobriram que a menina era lésbica. (Original)
Four people tried for the murder of Mooinooi same-sex couple Anisha and Joey van Niekerk, who were raped and killed in December 2017, were convicted in the North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria on Wednesday.
Mercia Strydom, 24, Aaron Sithole, 27, his brother Jack Sithole, 21, and Alex Modau, 39, killed the couple before taking their bodies to a nearby river where they were burnt beyond recognition, National Prosecuting Authority regional spokesperson Lumka Mahanjana said in a statement.
Their burnt-out car was found in Magaliesburg six days later.
Strydom’s husband, Koos, believed to be the mastermind behind the murders, killed himself last year, News24 reported. He had been found dead in his single cell at Kgosi Mampuru 111 Prison in Pretoria.
24-year-old Bella A. from Berlin-Lichtenberg was lying in bed with her girlfriend on the morning of 15 February when she woke up to a loud bang. Suddenly, a man who had just come in through the apartment door was standing in the bedroom with a large knife. He smoked a cigarette, stripped and lay in bed with the lesbian couple. He raped Bella while her girlfriend had to watch.
The alleged perpetrator Dennis M. is in the district court of Berlin facing a charge of sexual coercion in this particularly serious case, as well as charges of trespassing and property damage. The defendant is the couple’s 29-year-old former neighbour who had moved in only a few months earlier. According to his own statement, he broke into the apartment of the lesbian couple. “I just want a little fun,” he allegedly said when he forced apart his victim’s legs.
Die 24-jährige Bella A. aus Berlin-Lichtenberg liegt am 15. Februar morgens mit ihrer Freundin im Bett, als sie durch einen lauten Knall aufwacht. Plötzlich steht ein Mann, der zuvor die Wohnungstür eingetreten hat, mit einem großen Messer im Schlafzimmer. Er raucht eine Zigarette, zieht sich aus und legt sich zu dem lesbischen Paar ins Bett. Er zwingt Bella zum Sex, während die Freundin zuschauen muss.
Wegen sexueller Nötigung im besonders schweren Fall, Hausfriedensbruch und Sachbeschädigung muss sich der mutmaßliche Täter Dennis M. nun vor dem Landgericht Berlin verantworten. Bei dem Angeklagten handelt sich um einen 29-jährigen ehemaligen Nachbarn, der erst wenige Monate zuvor umgezogen war. Er ist nach eigener Aussage gezielt in die Wohnung des lesbischen Paares eingebrochen. “Ich will einfach nur ein bisschen Spaß”, soll er gesagt haben, als er die Beine seines Opfers auseinanderriss.
In 2016 Nicole Saavedra Bahamondes went missing for a week. She appeared on June 25, but not as her family expected. She was found dead, with her hands tied and showing signs of torture, in a rough part of the Limache commune in the Valparaíso Region. Since then, her family has relentlessly fought for justice in a case that exposed not only the lesbophobia that exists in our country, but also the negligence of the judicial system in cases of sex based violence.
Three years and three months after the murder, and after having four prosecutors investigate, a suspect was finally identified and remanded in custody, something that would not have been achieved without pressure from the family and lesbian-feminist organizations who never stopped demanding justice. María Bahamondes and other women even stormed the Quillota Prosecutor’s Office in 2019, for which they are under investigation to this day.
The family’s lawyer, Silvana del Valle , described as “very hard” everything that has happened in this case, especially in matters of justice, because in confronting Nicole’s alleged femicide, it was evident that the judicial system was able to prevent this crime , since the man had already been reported for other sexual crimes.
The lawyer commented that this situation reveals that if crimes against women and girls were really considered important by the the system, the crime against Nicole Saavedra and the kidnapping with rape that Pulgar committed in December 2016 would not have occurred. Unfortunately, injustice not only affects the families of the victims when there is no timely action, it also enables more crimes against women and girls to be committed. In this sense, unfortunately, the justice system that does not believe us (the first victim of Víctor Pulgar was not believed) is also complicit in the additional crimes that are committed against us.”
… A crime in a red zone
The Nicole Saavedra case not only revealed the unjust and, often, wrong of the judicial and police system when it comes to clearing up femicides, but also along with other cases it shows the danger of the Valparaíso region for lesbian women.
In June 2019, the British media BBC published a report in which they described this place as a red zone, in which it alluded to the so-called “trucks” and exposed the cases of Nicole Saavedra, María Pía Castro and Susana Sanhueza, all lesbians found dead in the region.(Translated)
En 2016, Nicole Saavedra Bahamondes desapareció por una semana. Apareció el 25 de junio, pero no como su familia la esperaba. Estaba muerta, con las manos atadas y con signos de tortura en un sitio eriazo de la comuna de Limache en la Región de Valparaíso. De ahí en adelante, sin descanso, su familia ha luchado por justicia en un caso que dejó en evidencia no solo la lesbofobia que existe en nuestro país, sino también la negligencia del sistema judicial en los casos de violencia de género.
Tres años y tres meses después del homicidio, y después de haber tenido cuatro fiscales investigando, se llegó a un sospechoso, después vino la prisión preventiva, algo que no se hubiera logrado sin la presión de la familia y las organizaciones lesbofeministas, quienes nunca dejaron de exigir la justicia. Incluso, María Bahamondes y otras mujeres se tomaron la Fiscalía de Quillota en 2019, hecho por el que hoy están siendo investigadas.
La abogada de la familia, Silvana del Valle, calificó como “muy fuerte” todo lo que ha sucedido en este caso, especialmente en materia de justicia, pues al encontrarse al presunto femicida de Nicole quedó en evidencia que el sistema judicial pudo evitar este crimen, dado que el hombre ya había sido denunciado por otro abuso sexual.
La abogada comentó que esta situación revela que si para el sistema este y en otros crímenes contra mujeres y niñas fuesen realmente considerados importantes, el crimen de Nicole Saavedra y el secuestro con violación que cometió Pulgar en diciembre de 2016 no habrían ocurrido. “Lamentablemente la justicia no solo incide en dañar a las familias de las víctimas cuando no encuentran una oportuna acción, también incide en la comisión de crímenes contra mujeres y niñas. En ese sentido, para nosotras, lamentablemente, el sistema de justicia que no nos cree, como no se le creyó a la primera víctima de Víctor Pulgar, es cómplice también de los crímenes que se cometen en contra nuestra”.
… Un crimen en una zona roja
El caso de Nicole Saavedra no solo reveló lo injusto y, muchas veces, errado del sistema judicial y policial a la hora aclarar femicidios, sino también junto a otros casos evidencia la peligrosidad de la región de Valparaíso para mujeres lesbianas.
En junio de 2019, el medio británico BBC publicó un reportaje en el que calificó de zona roja este lugar, en el que hizo alusión a las denominadas “camionas” y expuso los casos de Nicole Saavedra, María Pía Castro y Susana Sanhueza, todas lesbianas encontradas muertas en la región.
Tuesday, March 10, a 33-year-old woman, Domoina, was placed under arrest in Antanimora prison, Antananarivo, for “corruption of a minor” against her 19-year-old girlfriend, Fyh, a law allowing imprisonment of “anyone who has committed a shameless or unnatural act with an individual of their sex, a minor under the age of 21”. Apparently, Domoina, nicknamed “Ken” on social networks, had decided to live her love with Fyh and to move in with her. The voluntary relationship was not to the liking of the mother, who complained.
“I was raped by my father and my grandfather aged 6 to 16,” said Fyh, who had two abortions as a result (also punishable by law). “I met Domoina and told her about my problems. I thought I would file a complaint against my father for rape, my grandfather having already died. My mother was scared and went after my girlfriend, who wanted to help me with this. I find it absurd that homosexuality is condemned so quickly when it is so difficult to file a rape complaint.” Proof, according to the young woman, of a two-tier justice system.
Mardi 10 mars, une femme de 33 ans, Domoina, a été mise sous mandat de dépôt à la prison d’Antanimora, à Antananarivo, pour « détournement de mineure » à l’encontre de sa petite amie de 19 ans, Fyh, une loi permettant d’emprisonner « quiconque aura commis un acte impudique ou contre-nature avec un individu de son sexe, mineur de moins de 21 ans ». Selon les intéressées, Domoina, surnommée « Ken » sur les réseaux sociaux, avait décidé de vivre son amour avec Fyh et d’emménager avec elle. Cette relation librement consentie n’a pas été du goût de la mère de cette dernière, qui a porté plainte.
« J’ai été violée par mon père et mon grand-père de 6 à 16 ans, confie Fyh, qui a subi deux avortements (punis par la loi). J’ai rencontré Domoina et je lui ai parlé de mes problèmes. Je pensais porter plainte contre mon père pour viol, mon grand-père étant décédé depuis. Ma mère a eu peur et s’en est prise à ma petite amie, qui voulait m’aider dans cette démarche. Je trouve aberrant qu’on condamne aussi vite l’homosexualité alors qu’il est si difficile de porter plainte pour viol. » Preuve, selon la jeune femme, d’une justice à deux vitesses.
Ms Zheng, a 22-year-old woman in Shenzhen, mainland China, had been employed for 7 days when she went to an orientation party on the 15th (May). She was raped by a 21-year-old male colleague Zou Nan. Later, Zeng’s girlfriend Xiaohua arrived and hurriedly took Ms Zeng away. When they called the police afterwards, the police refused to file a case, and did not let Zeng Nu go to the hospital for examination or detain Zou Nan. They closed the rape case citing “consent”. It was not until yesterday (19 May) that the Shenzhen police issued a notice saying that Zou Nan had been arrested.