On 1 August 2021 Listening2Lesbians provided submissions in response to the following from the Commission on the Status of Women:
“Any individual, non-governmental organization, group or network may submit communications (complaints/appeals/petitions) to the Commission on the Status of Women containing information relating to alleged violations of human rights that affect the status of women in any country in the world. The Commission on the Status of Women considers such communications as part of its annual programme of work in order to identify emerging trends and patterns of injustice and discriminatory practices against women for purposes of policy formulation and development of strategies for the promotion of gender equality.”Commission on the Status of Women: Communication Procedure
Information was provided to the UN on incidents dating back approximately 2.5 years across the 57 countries we have reported on in that time.
Legal, social and familial punishment of lesbians for failing to conform with the expectations imposed on women illuminates the status of women around the world. Homosexuality is understood to be a breach of sex-based expectations. Strictly enforced sex roles are accompanied by increased consequences for those who break them, individually or collectively. Lesbians, or women read as lesbians, are doubly punishable for their non-conformity, both overt and inferred.
Listening2Lesbians is not an expert on these countries and provided this information to augment and support the information provided by women from individual communities. We can only provide information on cases we have been able to locate and based our submissions solely around the available facts. Please note that we welcome corrections and updates.
We are painfully aware of the many communities not represented.
Anyone with information on missing communities is invited to contact us with information on reporting violence and discrimination against lesbians in their community.
Liz, Ari and Devorah @ Listening2Lesbians
Posted in Listening 2 Lesbians, News
Tagged corrective rape, Discrimination, harassment, Indiana, Lesbian Murder Victims, lesbians in Afghanistan, lesbians in Algeria, Lesbians in Argentina, Lesbians in Australia, Lesbians in Barbados, Lesbians in Bolivia, Lesbians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Lesbians in Brazil, Lesbians in Bulgaria, Lesbians in Burundi, Lesbians in Cameroon, Lesbians in Canada, Lesbians in Chile, Lesbians in China, Lesbians in Colombia, Lesbians in Costa Rica, Lesbians in Cuba, Lesbians in Equatorial Guinea, Lesbians in France, Lesbians in Germany, Lesbians in Ghana, Lesbians in Guatemala, Lesbians in Honduras, Lesbians in Hungary, Lesbians in Iceland, Lesbians in Indonesia, Lesbians in Iran, Lesbians in Ireland, Lesbians in Israel, Lesbians in Italy, Lesbians in Jamaica, Lesbians in Japan, Lesbians in Kazakhstan, Lesbians in Kenya, Lesbians in Lebanon, Lesbians in Madagascar, Lesbians in Mexico, Lesbians in Namibia, Lesbians in New Zealand, Lesbians in Nigeria, Lesbians in Peru, Lesbians in Poland, Lesbians in Portugal, Lesbians in Russia, Lesbians in Saudi Arabia, Lesbians in Serbia, Lesbians in South Africa, Lesbians in Spain, Lesbians in Sri Lanka, Lesbians in the Netherlands, Lesbians in the Philippines, Lesbians in the U.K., Lesbians in the U.S., Lesbians in Uganda, Lesbians in Ukraine, Lesbians in Venezuela, Lesbophobia, persecution, Submissions, United Nations, violence against lesbians
Lesbian couple Ai Nakajima and Kristina Baumann (pictured) are one of ten same-sex couples who are expected to file a joint lawsuit next month against the central government to challenge its current law prohibiting them from getting married.
Ai Nakajima of Yokohama wed her partner German Kristina Baumann in Berlin two years ago, but after presenting their German marriage certificate to be listed on the Japanese ancestral register, their application was met with a resounding ‘no’.
Nakajima said told Japanese newspaper The Asahi Shimbun that while the current reality was difficult, she and her wife plan to challenge how her native country sees same sex couples.
“We are facing a reality where a same-sex couple cannot get married in Japan,” she said.
“We would like to challenge the current situation with the lawsuit, which will also be helpful for a number of people from sexual minorities,” Nakajima said.
Continue reading: https://qnews.com.au/same-sex-couples-to-sue-japanese-government-for-marriage-rights/ (source)
Chizuka Oe and Yoko Ogawa have been living together for 25 years. But in attempting to formalize their union by a marriage act in a Tokyo borough hall, they knew in advance that they would suffer an end of inadmissibility.
This lack of recognition weighs on the daily lives of the two women. At the funeral of Mrs. Ogawa’s mother, relatives looked at her companion with an evil eye. “They did not know anything about her and asked who she was, I was tired and sad to have to explain that we were a lesbian couple, just like an ordinary heterosexual couple.”
For her, it is certain, “if there was a legal system of marriage between people of the same sex, it would have been easier”.
Chizuka Oe et Yoko Ogawa vivent ensemble depuis 25 ans. Mais en tentant de faire officialiser leur union par un acte de mariage dans une mairie d’arrondissement de Tokyo, elles savaient d’avance qu’elles essuieraient une fin de non-recevoir.
Cette absence de reconnaissance pèse sur la vie quotidienne des deux femmes. Aux funérailles de la mère de Mme Ogawa, des proches ont regardé sa compagne d’un mauvais oeil. “Ils ne savaient rien d’elle et m’ont demandé qui elle était ? J’étais fatiguée et triste de devoir expliquer que nous étions un couple de lesbiennes, tout comme un couple hétérosexuel ordinaire”.
Pour elle, c’est certain, “s’il existait un système juridique de mariage entre personnes de même sexe, cela aurait été plus facile”.
Continue reading: https://www.challenges.fr/societe/japon-interdits-de-mariage-des-couples-homosexuels-se-rebellent_642203 (source)
Lesbians in the News 14 November 2015
Young lesbian couple found murdered
Tatianna Diz and Alexandra King
Searchers recovered the bodies of Alexandra King, 22, and Tatianna Diz, 20, from the French Broad River in Ashville, North Carolina. The couple had gone missing on October 27th after giving Pierre Lamont Griffin II a ride to a nearby apartment complex. Griffin was later arrested and charged with felony robbery with a dangerous weapon, felony first-degree murder, and reckless driving and fleeing to elude arrest in the murder of another man earlier in the evening. Griffin was initially considered a suspect in the couple’s murder, and has subsequently been charged with murder over their deaths.
Arts & Entertainment
- Help make season 2 of The Lesbian Collective a reality by donating to their Kickstarter campaign. The Lavender Collective is a web-based comedy about a group of lesbians that meet up every week to talk stuff out.
- Domestic violence organization, Safe Horizon, presented an all-female reading of Shakespeare’s Othello, titled “An Evening with Desdemona and Emilia,” on October 27th. The reading included out lesbian performer and playwright Lisa Kron and LGBT activist StaceyAnn Chin.
- Nigerian director Elizabeth Funke Obisanya took away the best short film prize for her movie “Magda’s Lesbian Lover” at the Black Entertainment Film Fashion Television and Arts (BEFFTA) awards ceremony in London.
Laws, Politics and Policies
Social and Health Issues
- Lesbian couples discuss the issues and difficulties they face when trying to conceive.
- The first same-sex marriage certificate in Tokyo was issued to a lesbian couple on November 5th. While their certificate only applies to two wards at this time, many see it as an important first step towards full marriage equality in historically conservative Japan.
- A study of 7,200 young adults from England found that LBG teenagers are twice as likely to be bullied and socially excluded at school, than their straight peers.
- A new study out of the University of Essex is claiming that women are either bisexual or lesbian, and never straight. Among other things, the researchers are trying “to test the theory that because lesbians can be more masculine in many of their non-sexual behaviours (for example, the way they dress), they are also more masculine in their sexual responses.” Anyone else questioning the motivations and conclusions of this study?
- A Change.org petition has been started to take the L out of LGBT. Petitioners are arguing that LGBT organizations are not only prioritizing T over L, but also “actively discriminate against L interests.”
- The Mormon Church has announced that children of same-sex couples will be denied entry into the church until they are 18 years old, move out of their parents’ home and disavow all same-sex relationships. This announcement came soon after Salt Lake City elected its first lesbian mayor on November 11th.
- The Curacao Tourist Board wants to welcome gay and lesbian travelers to experience the island’s ‘live and let live’ atmosphere.
- With lesbian visibility an ever present issue, do we have language specific to lesbian communities or an archetypal “lesbian voice”? What lesbian specific language do you see, and is it location specific?
- Aussie movie All About E arrives for a screening in NYC on December 2nd. Described as a “crime caper with strong lesbian characters,” it will also be released by Wolfe on DVD on December 1st.
- The Lambda Literary Foundation is accepting applications for the Writers Retreat for Emerging LGBTQ Voices to be held at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles beginning July 24, 2016. Applications are due by January 5, 2016.
Thanks to Lisa for compiling this fortnightly edition of Lesbians in the News.
If you have any other stories, please add them in the comments or email them to me at email@example.com.
Posted in News
Tagged compulsory heterosexuality, Conversion Therapy, Discrimination, Hate crimes, language matters, lesbian erasure, Lesbians in Australia, Lesbians in Curacao, Lesbians in Japan, Lesbians in Nigeria, Lesbians in Russia, Lesbians in the U.K., Lesbians in the U.S., Lesbians in Ukraine, LGBTI community, violence against women
Lesbians in the news
05/04/2015 – 011/04/2015
Fight Homophobia–Help a Lesbian
Mary Kristene Chapa and Mollie Olgin (Image source: Curve Magazine)
In an example of an appalling hate crime in 2012, two two young lesbians went on a date but were viciously attacked. Mollie Olgin was killed and Mary Kristene Chapa was left for dead.
Their attacker was arrested in 2014 but was not charged with a hate crime, despite sufficient evidence to justify it.
Despite the horror of the crime, Mary Kristene Chapa’s medical fund has only raised $12,882, compared to the over $800,000 raised for Memories Pizza, the pizzeria that declined to cater same sex weddings.
Horrific anti lesbian crime occur routinely and they are not reported. When they are, this is the level of interest they garner.
This is lesbophobia and silencing writ large.
Please read more about Mollie and Mary in Victoria A Brownworth’s piece and please donate to help Mary Kristene Chapa with her medical expenses.
Violent Crimes against Lesbians:
- There seemed to be surprisingly few violent crimes reported against lesbians this week. Given what we know about crime against women and specifically lesbians, it seems unlikely that the crimes have ceased, and more likely that the crimes are either not reported or the reports are not making it to the mass media. How do we change this and how do we access accurate information about violent crimes against lesbians?
- The first in-depth report into sexual violence against LGT Cambodians under the Khmer Rouge was released. Despite showing horrific levels of sexual violence against gay men and transgender Cambodians, the reporting is silent on the fate of lesbians, despite previous reports showing horrific violence against women under the regime, including reports that most rape victims were women. It seems unlikely that women, gay men and transgender men and women were subjected to sexual violence but that lesbians were somehow spared, but where is the reporting on these crimes?
- In a move aimed at better preventing, understanding and responding to crimes against lesbians and bisexual women, a three year study will be undertaken at the University of Buffalo to assess the experience of sexual assault of lesbian and bisexual women compared to heterosexual women. Lesbian and bisexual women seem to experience higher rates of sexual assault and report their assaults at a lower rate, resulting in their needs going unmet and perpetrators not being reported, much less prosecuted.
Conversion therapy and social homophobia:
- The Obama administration has called for an end to conversion therapy for lesbian, gay and transgender children. Conversion therapy for lesbians and gay men has a dark history from elimination of “inversion” to ongoing Christian conversion practices. These practices were and are about enforcing gender conformity and discouraging gender non conformity through the linking of sex and required behaviours and attributes (sex stereotypes), and are primarily aimed at eliminating homosexuality. A concern about any concrete bans on all forms of therapy is that it could inadvertently ban the kind of counselling that children diagnosed as transgender may need given that 75-80% of transgender children go on to be not transgender as adults but predominantly lesbian and gay. These children, in particular, need access to supports that validate gender non conformity and homosexuality in the absence of any broad media representation or social acceptance.
Laws, Politics and Policies:
- Indian LGBTI activists seek the repeal of a reinstated colonial era law which leaves them open to blackmail and abuse.
- Tulsa looks to introduce specific sexuality based protections to ensure the city’s fair housing policy extends to protect lesbians and the rest of the LGBTI community. A recent example demonstrating the need was a married lesbian couple with children who were told that to process their mortgage application, they would have to disavow their relationship.
- Employment discrimination continues to be a problem with proof from that lesbian and gay applicants are less likely to be offered employment. The UK research showed discrimination was ‘commonplace’, augmenting existing knowledge about the wage gap which shows sexuality affects average wages. As reported last week, straight men earn most, with single and then coupled gay men lagging behind them. Women earn least with lesbians only earning more than straight women because they worked longer hours on average. Will measures like President Obama’s recently introduced Executive Order on LGBT Workplace Discrimination (for federal contractors) make a difference?
- The Irish National Teachers Association has called for the abolition of Section 37.1 of the Employment Equality Act, which permits schools to act where teachers are “undermining the religious ethos of the institution”. Irish Equality Minister, Aodhan O Riordain, has undertaken to amend the legislation, citing a constitutional issue with removing it. Ireland faces a referendum on same-sex marriage in May.
- A rally has flooded downtown Springfield Missouri protesting voters choice to repeal LGBTI rights over fears about gay marriage and bathroom access.
- In the absence of a state-wide law against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, New Orleans’ mayor comes out against discrimination with his concerns over the pending bill to possibly protect businesses from recognising same sex marriage.
- Demonstrators in Texas have signalled their opposition to the proposed “conscientious objectors bill” which, similar to other laws in America, would permit discrimination on the basis of religious belief.
- In response to moves to protect Indiana’s LGBT population, however limited the moves, New York’s Governor Cuomo has lifted the travel ban to Indiana as have Portland Mayor Charlie Hales plus Connecticut Governor and San Francisco and Oakland mayors. Meanwhile, protests in Indianapolis have criticised the limited nature of the amendments and called for more substantial anti-discrimination measures to be enacted. According to the American Civil Liberties Union, 29 states still do not have measures preventing discrimination on the basis of sexuality. While anti-discrimination legislation does not lead to substantive equality, the absence of it is a clear indicator of structural inequality.
- Arkansas Governor Asa Hutchison declines to improve workplace anti-discrimination measures for lesbian and gay employees despite the amendments to a religious objections bill not specifically prohibiting sexuality based discrimination.
- Two women in Guam who were denied a marriage license are fighting for the right to marry ahead of the US Supreme Court’s hearing on same sex marriage later this year.
- A Colombian lesbian adoption court case highlights the mixed picture for lesbians in Latin America. What is curious is how many of these articles reference same sex marriage as if that is a panacea to the structural oppression, social exclusion and sanctioned abuse and violence lesbians face around the world.
- The Sunshine Coast Rainbow Network have met with the Sunshine Coast council as part of their efforts to lobby for marriage equality, despite marriage laws not being under the control of local government in Australia.
- In Taipei, a lesbian couple was not permitted to join a mass wedding ceremony, despite having been assured same sex couples would be included, with insufficient time to amend regulations blamed.
- Kathleen Wynne, Premier of Ontario, Canada and first lesbian Premier, says being lesbian makes her feel more responsible: “It is part of who I am and it is important for me to be clear that I have a responsibility because of who I am . . . to make our society safer and more inclusive”.
- Two organisations, NCLR and the National LGBTQ Task Force have removed their names from the Equality Michigan petition calling on the Michfest to include transwomen, without having changed their opinion on inclusion. To a non-American the choice of a single (less than) week-long woman’s music event as the symbol of well being for transwoman seems odd in the context of employment discrimination and abuse.
- Photographic Series “Happy Lesbian Couples” shows, well, happy lesbian couples. Whether you believe this is an argument for marriage equality or not, positive humanising representation in itself is important.
- Japanese celebrity Ayaka Ichinose and her partner hope to raise awareness through publicity following their wedding ceremony, despite the effect on her career.
- Love it or hate it – do we need another (better) L word? Are we better served by individual characters in mainstream television or entire shows about us? Perhaps we need both, and to ensure that they are more broadly representative of our diversity than the narrow range of representation we have seen before? Do we know what good representation looks like?
- On a really trivial front, LGBT emoji have come to iOS but what do they look like? We have identical blondes in pink dresses and women in bunny ears doing synchronised dancing…
- On a more serious note, religious organisations have shifted their positions as a Baptist college has invited married, lesbian bishop to serve as worship leader and a rabbinical group gets first-ever lesbian president. Does this represent progress, albeit slow, in lesbian acceptance in religious circles and what could the broader ramifications of it be?
Social and Health Issues:
- An Australian asylum seeker discusses the additional problems of being a lesbian asylum seeker as neither the refugee community nor the LGBTI community were comfortable with all aspects of her life. This is contrasted with the pending nuptials of two lesbian asylum seekers who fled persecution in Angola.
- In an effort to improve connectivity and prevent isolation for older lesbians, UK charity The Labrys Trust has set up a scheme linking older lesbians with “befrienders”, as well as providing support services. Ideally, as we start to understand the ways in which older lesbians’ needs are not met by aged care industries and/or society in general, we would see a rise in service and support options, but as a marginalised and often invisible group, where does the funding come from? An aged care provider in Melbourne is in the early stages of developing an LGBTI-specific aged care home in recognition of these issues.
- Somewhat hyperbolically, a Florida school has fired a lesbian teacher for her “lifestyle choices”, citing their “Awesome God”. Jaclyn Pfeiffer and Kelly Bardier were fired by the school after being given the option to change their “lifestyle”. While the school is taxpayer-funded, it is exempt from local anti-discrimination ordinances on religious grounds.
- A New York taxi driver who called a lesbian couple “whores” and other misogynist insults and ordered them to stop kissing or leave his taxi has been fined $10,000, given a $$5,000 civil penalty and ordered to undertake anti-discrimination training, in an example of the way in which breaches of “decorum” is used to discriminate on the basis of sexuality.
- Should businesses have the right to refuse service and on what grounds? This lesbian small business owner believes so and donated to the Christian owned pizza shop in Indiana which has faced pressure after saying they would not provide pizza at same sex weddings. Over $800,000 has already been raised for Memories Pizza despite most Americans thinking that businesses should serve lesbian and gay customers. Pizza Lovers for Marriage Equality has raised $5,441 to date.
- A North Dakota mother claims her sexuality was the basis for the custody outcome of shared care of her young child with her ex-husband, although the judge denies being influenced by it. Although the situation has improved since the 60s, lesbian mothers still face difficulties in custody battles including through the use of so-called “morality clauses“.
- After a public outcry, Louisiana Teen Claudetteia Love has been told she may wear a tuxedo to her school prom. Originally the student had been advised that she was not allowed to wear a tuxedo to the prom as part of gendered dress codes that require girls to wear dresses.
- More of a question than an answer as a recent Australian LBQ Health conference asked – How do we improve health outcomes for LBQ women? As this event moves to the national stage and is held annually, we can only hope that women’s health, and lesbian health in particular, is finally given more attention.
- In related news, a recent Australian survey found both increased rates of drug use associated with heightened rates of socially induced anxiety and depression in the LGBT community, with protective benefits coming from increased community engagement. This again raises the question of what a representative community looks like, with lesbians unlikely to gain the health benefits if the community they are engaging with is not representing and respecting their needs. This situation is exacerbated by medical communities and public health campaigns not recognising and addressing lesbian-specific needs. This Indiana billboard is an example of a campaign running counter to the trend and starting to address the heightened rate of smoking in the lesbian community.
- The UK National Union of Teachers has approved motions calling on governments to address bigrotry and discrimination and teach positive representations of same-sex relationships, including in sex education.
- In Japan, same sex wedding ceremonies are gaining greater acceptance, despite the ongoing difficulties same sex couples experience in their daily lives, posing the question of what the link is between broader acceptance and marriage equality…
***If I have missed an important news story, please either post a link in the comments section here or email it to me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Posted in News
Tagged compulsory heterosexuality, Hate crimes, Health and well being, Lesbians in Angola, Lesbians in Australia, Lesbians in Cambodia, Lesbians in Canada, Lesbians in Colombia, Lesbians in India, Lesbians in Ireland, Lesbians in Japan, Lesbians in Taiwan, Lesbians in the U.K., Lesbians in the U.S., Mary Kristene Chapa, Mollie Olgin, Religious Freedom laws, representation