Lesbophobia: Living as a ‘truck’ in Chile

Chile Trucks and the red zone of murder

“One is a truck before being a woman, before being a lesbian. You realise that you are not like the rest, but you do not know what you are either (…) if one is 10 years old and she doesn’t know the word lesbian, you have never seen a lesbian, you have nowhere to recognize yourself. You know what you are not, but you have no idea who you are, and you try to fit in and it doesn’t work out. You realise you end up being the truck of the group, but what is the place of the group truck?”

The appearance of the trucks is located around the 1900s as a symbol of lesbian visibility. At that time there was social tolerance for a romantic friendship between women, even married; as long as it was not shown socially. In response to this, in “the West there is an emergency of a lot of lesbians who start to wear men’s clothes and especially to dress as men from the middle up and down with a skirt.” A “different class, neither male nor female, but lesbian visible as a social and political fact” appears.

In Chile, the term truck has a link with the social class, “it speaks of the poorest lesbian, who is also more masculine, but it is because of a cultural terminology issue,” says Opazo, who adds that there are also upper-class male women , but they are not told trucks; they are called “tomboy” which is a gringa lesbian term.
(Translated)

“Una es camiona antes de ser mujer, antes de ser lesbiana, te das cuenta de que no eres como el resto, pero no sabes qué eres tampoco (…) si una tiene 10 años y no conoce la palabra lesbiana, no has visto nunca una lesbiana no tienes dónde reconocerte. Sabes lo que no eres, pero no tienes idea de lo que eres. Y tratas de encajar y no te resulta y te das cuenta y terminas siendo la camioncita del grupo, pero ¿cuál es el lugar de la camioncita del grupo?”.

La aparición de las camionas se sitúa alrededor de la década del 1.900 como símbolo de la visibilidad lésbica. Por esos tiempos existía tolerancia social a una amistad romántica entre mujeres, incluso casadas; siempre y cuando no fuese mostrada socialmente. Como respuesta a esto, en “Occidente hay una emergencia de un montón de lesbianas que empiezan a tomar la ropa masculina y sobre todo a vestirse de hombre desde la mitad para arriba y abajo con una falda”. Aparece una “clase diferente, ni varones, ni mujeres; sino lesbianas visibles como un hecho social y político”.

En Chile el término camiona tiene un vínculo con la clase social, “habla de la lesbiana más pobre, que también es más masculina, pero es por un tema de terminología cultural”, afirma Opazo, quien agrega que también hay mujeres masculinas de clase alta, pero no se les dice camionas; a ellas se les dice “tomboy” que es el término de lesbiana gringa.
(Original)

Continue reading at: https://www.24horas.cl/data/lesbofobia-que-significa-ser-camiona-en-chile-3584796 (Source)

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